Activate Now
 
ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Cymbalta’s Withdrawal Symptoms Prompt Lawsuits

Fibromyalgia: A Very Different Disease

Fibromyalgia: Bad; Fibromyalgia with Migraine: Really Bad

Connecting Fibromyalgia to IBS

Fibromyalgia and Sleep

More Than Skin-Deep: The Small Nerve Fiber Problems in Fibromyalgia – A Review

4 Tips for Parenting with Chronic Illness

How Can You Be Positive When You Live With Chronic Pain?

Aching for Pain Relief?

Recovering from CFS and Fibromyalgia Series

 
Print Page
Email Article

The Neuropsychiatric and Neuropsychological Features of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Revisiting the Enigma

  [ 7 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Y. Christley et al. • www.ProHealth.com • March 6, 2013


Editor’s Note: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is listed among the conditions that exclude a diagnosis of CFS in the CDC “Fukuda” criteria. The 2003 Canadian criteria describe depression as “loosely” connected to CFS. The International Consensus Criteria list reactive depression as a co-morbid entity, but not major depression. The 1991 Oxford Criteria is the only case definition that states that psychiatric disorders, such as depression, “are not necessarily reasons for exclusion.” The Oxford Criteria are not in wide use among researchers outside of the UK.

The neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological features of chronic fatigue syndrome: revisiting the enigma.

~Source: Curr Psychiatry Rep. April, 2013

By Y. Christley et al.

Abstract

The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive and updated review of the key neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological complaints associated with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

Neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological difficulties are common in CFS and are linked primarily to disorders of mood, affect and behaviour. The neuropsychiatric complaint most frequently encountered amongst CFS patients is depression and in particular major depressive disorder (MDD).

Despite decades of research, the precise aetiological relationship between CFS and MDD remains poorly understood. This has resulted in the development of a number of interesting and polarised hypotheses regarding the aetiological nature of CFS. Recent scientific advances have however begun to unravel a number of interesting inflammatory and immunological explanations that suggest CFS and MDD are distinct yet interrelated conditions.

The possibility that the overlap between CFS and MDD might be explained in terms of shared oxidative and nitrosative (IO&NS) pathways is an area of intense research interest and is reviewed in detail in this article. The overlap between CFS and MDD is further differentiated by variations in HPA axis activity between the two disorders.

Important immunological differences between MDD and CFS are also reviewed with particular emphasis on antiviral RNase L pathways in CFS. In addition to the presence of neuropsychiatric complaints, CFS is also associated with neuropsychological symptoms such as impaired attention, memory and reaction time. The key neuropsychological problems reported by CFS patients are also included in the review in an effort to understand the significance of cognitive impairment in CFS.

Source: Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2013 Apr;15(4):353. doi: 10.1007/s11920-013-0353-8. Christley Y, Duffy T, Everall IP, Martin CR., School of Health, Nursing and Midwifery, University of the West of Scotland, Ayr Campus, University Avenue, Ayr, KA8 0SX, UK




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Fibro Freedom™ Guaifenesin FA™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

How Glutathione Can Save Your Life

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Guaifenesin FA™ Guaifenesin FA™
Helps the Body Eliminate Excess Calcium and Phosphates
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, strengthens & revitalizes
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery
The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know
Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep? Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep?
Priming Your Immune System for Cold & Flu Season Priming Your Immune System for Cold & Flu Season
Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial

FIBROMYALGIA
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
LYME DISEASE
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
WHOLESALE
AFFILIATES GUARANTEE
PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing