ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Eli Lilly Settles Cymbalta Withdrawal Lawsuits

Top Fibromyalgia Drug Tanks: Four Other Drugs On Way

When Retreat Means Advance: A Recovered Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Fibromyalgia Patient Looks Back

A Genetic Panel for Fibromyalgia? The New Proove Genetic Test

Fibromyalgia Life Lessons - What You Need to Know.

Creating Intimacy Through Mindful Touch When You Live with Chronic Illness

Genes May Be Causing Neuroinflammation and Pain in Fibromyalgia

The Psychosocial Disease – Has Fibromyalgia Been Captured by a Behavioral Paradigm?

3 Fibromyalgia Struggles I’m Glad I Had

VIDEO: How does your brain respond to pain?

Print Page
Email Article

A comparison of sex-specific immune signatures in Gulf War illness and chronic fatigue syndrome

  [ 5 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Anne Liese Smylie et al. • • July 5, 2013

Note: A provisional PDF of the complete article can be read here.

By Anne Liese Smylie et al.


Background: Though potentially linked to the basic physiology of stress response we still have no clear understanding of Gulf War Illness (GWI), a debilitating condition presenting complex immune, endocrine and neurological symptoms. Here we compared male (n = 20) and female (n = 10) veterans with GWI separately against their healthy counterparts (n = 21 male, n = 9 female) as well as subjects with chronic fatigue syndrome/ myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) (n = 12 male, n = 10 female).

Methods: Subjects were assessed using a Graded eXercise Test (GXT) with blood drawn prior to exercise, at peak effort (VO2 max) and 4-hours post exercise. Using chemiluminescent imaging we measured the concentrations of IL-1a, 1b, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12 (p70), 13, 15, 17 and 23, IFNgamma, TNFalpha and TNFbeta in plasma samples from each phase of exercise. Linear classification models were constructed using stepwise variable selection to identify cytokine co-expression patterns characteristic of each subject group.

Results: Classification accuracies in excess of 80% were obtained using between 2 and 5 cytokine markers. Common to both GWI and CFS, IL-10 and IL-23 expression contributed in an illness and time-dependent manner, accompanied in male subjects by NK and Th1 markers IL-12, IL-15, IL-2 and IFNgamma. In female GWI and CFS subjects IL-10 was again identified as a delineator but this time in the context of IL-17 and Th2 markers IL-4 and IL-5. Exercise response also differed between sexes: male GWI subjects presented characteristic cytokine signatures at rest but not at peak effort whereas the opposite was true for female subjects.

Conclusions: Though individual markers varied, results collectively supported involvement of the IL-23/Th17/IL-17 axis in the delineation of GWI and CFS in a sex-specific way.

Source: BMC Immunology 2013, 14:29 doi:10.1186/1471-2172-14-29. Anne Liese Smylie, Gordon Broderick, Henrique Fernandes, Shirin Razdan, Zachary Barnes, Fanny Collado, Connie Sol, Mary Ann Fletcher and Nancy Klimas

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
B-12 Extreme™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Fibro Freedom™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Guaifenesin FA™ Guaifenesin FA™
Helps the Body Eliminate Excess Calcium and Phosphates
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 Your Brain Needs for Detox & Sharpness

Natural Remedies

SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder
Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep? Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep?
Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief? Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief?

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map