Activate Now
ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Aromatherapy Diffusers For Fibromyalgia Support

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia and Mitchondrial Disorders: A Comparison Plus the MitoQ Trial...

Dr. Teitelbaum's 3 Steps to Fibromyalgia Pain Relief - Part 1: Understanding Fibromyalgia Pain

An Interview with Ken McKim: Educating the public about chronic illness

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Milnacipran for pain in fibromyalgia in adults

Are All the "Feel-Good" Pathways Blocked in Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

5 Things I've Learned About Chronic Illness Through Mindfulness

SURVEY RESULTS: Has Your Illness Affected What You Eat?

Staying healthy from fibromyalgia is ongoing hard work

Print Page
Email Article

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in Hippocampus of Fibromyalgia Patients

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • July 17, 2013

Editor's comment: N-acetylaspartate (NAA), the acetylated form of the amino acid aspartate, is the second most abundant metabolite in the human central nervous system, following only the amino acid glutamate.  NAA emits the strongest signal in magnetic resonance spectrograms of the brain.  NAA levels are known to be altered in a large number of central nervous system disorders and are almost always reduced in neurological disorders involving neuronal loss or dysfunction. 

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in the hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia: A meta-analysis.

By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa


Fibromyalgia (FM) is a stress-associated syndrome with chronic, widespread pain. Patients with FM also present disturbances of cognition and memory.

As the hippocampus is vulnerable to stress exposure and involved in cognition, memory and pain perception, we hypothesize that the abnormal function of the hippocampus is implicated in the pathophysiology of FM.

N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a metabolite that can be measured using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), is recognized as a marker of neuronal structure and function. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 1H MRS studies investigating NAA levels in patients with FM.  A comprehensive literature search through MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science yielded nine studies; among these nine, four studies met our criteria for inclusion.

A random effect model with 51 patients with FM and 38 controls revealed a significant NAA reduction in the hippocampus. The current meta-analysis suggested a neuronal abnormality in the hippocampus in patients with FM.

Source: Psychiatry Research, July 5, 2013. By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa. Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Medical Treatment Corporation, Ebara Hospital, Ota, Tokyo 145-0065, Japan; Department of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Bunkyou, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Fibro Freedom™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth

Natural Remedies

Guarding Against the Dangers of Vitamin D Deficiency Guarding Against the Dangers of Vitamin D Deficiency
When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Tart Cherry
"It's Not Easy Being Green" - But It Is Healthy

What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing