Objectives: To assess the dietary habits and food avoidance-behavior in patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS).
Methods: Cross-sectional pilot study with 28 patients diagnosed with severe CFS. Eating habits were assessed with a food frequency questionnaire and 3-day food records. We analyzed variables related to dietary restrictions induced by symptoms or external information.
• The most prevalent restrictions were for dairy products and gluten-containing grains, with 22 and 15 restricting patients, respectively.
• Patients reported different digestive symptoms, which did not improve with the use of exclusion diets.
• 13 patients had received information against the intake of certain foods through different sources.
• 6 cases of grains restriction and 11 of dairy were compatible with a counseling-induced pattern of exclusion.
There is not a homogeneous pattern of food avoidance.
Dietary restrictions should be based on a proven food allergy or intolerance.
Dietary counseling should be based on sound nutritional knowledge.
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria, Apr 2012;27(2):659-62. PMID: 22732998, by Trabal J, Leyes P, Fernández-Solá J, Forga M, Fernández-Huerta J. Servei d´Endocrinología i Nutricio, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain.