Activate Now
 
ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

The Legs of Fibromyalgia and Myofascial Pain

The Fatigue and Pain Hormone? Leptin Shows Up Again – in Fibromyalgia

Our Mind Wants What Our Body Can't Produce

Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia

Reversing Alzheimer’s: What Could it Mean for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) and Fibromyalgia?

VIDEO: Fibromyalgia Warnings

4 Simple Ways to Shift into Positivity

VIDEO: "I Live with Pain Everyday" (Stories of Fibromyalgia)

Recovering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia - The Lerner Way

Did MitoQ Mend Us? A Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) CoQ10 Trial

 
Print Page
Email Article

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome explained by activated immuno-inflammatory, oxidative and nitrosative stress pathways

  [ 16 votes ]   [ 2 Comments ]
By G. Morris and M. Maes • www.ProHealth.com • September 16, 2013


By Gerwyn Morris and Michael Maes

Abstract

Myalgic encephalomyelitis / chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/cfs) is classified by the World Health Organization as a disorder of the central nervous system. ME/cfs is an neuro-immune disorder accompanied by chronic low-grade inflammation, increased levels of oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS), O&NS-mediated damage to fatty acids, DNA and proteins, autoimmune reactions directed against neoantigens and brain disorders.

Mitochondrial dysfunctions have been found in ME/cfs, e.g. lowered ATP production, impaired oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial damage. This paper reviews the pathways that may explain mitochondrial dysfunctions in ME/cfs. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor-a, and elastase, and increased O&NS may inhibit mitochondrial respiration, decrease the activities of the electron transport chain and mitochondrial membrane potential, increase mitochondrial membrane permeability, interfere with ATP production and cause mitochondrial shutdown.

The activated O&NS pathways may additionally lead to damage of mitochondrial DNA and membranes thus decreasing membrane fluidity. Lowered levels of antioxidants, zinc and coenzyme Q10, and Omega 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in ME/cfs may further aggravate the activated immuno-inflammatory and O&NS pathways.

Therefore, it may be concluded that immuno-inflammatory and O&NS pathways may play a role in the mitochondrial dysfunctions and consequently the bioenergetic abnormalities seen in patients with ME/cfs. Defects in ATP production and the electron transport complex, in turn, are associated with an elevated production of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide in mitochondria creating adaptive and synergistic damage.

It is argued that mitochondrial dysfunctions, e.g. lowered ATP production, may play a role in the onset of ME/cfs symptoms, e.g. fatigue and post exertional malaise, and may explain in part the central metabolic abnormalities observed in ME/cfs, e.g. glucose hypometabolism and cerebral hypoperfusion.

Source: Metabolic Brain Disease, September 2013, Gerwyn Morris and Michael Maes





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Guaifenesin FA™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments Post a Comment

Looking for more
Posted by: sPeeDeeBee
Sep 16, 2013
Is it possible to get a more complete citation for this? Looks like a great review! Thanks.
Reply Reply

Citation
Posted by: ericaverrillo
Sep 16, 2013
If you click on the source, you can see the original abstract. Unfortunately, the article is not open access, so you would have to pay to read it.
Reply Reply
 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, Strengthens & Revitalizes
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Guaifenesin FA™ Guaifenesin FA™
Helps the Body Eliminate Excess Calcium and Phosphates
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire
Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance
Live Without Anxiety or Stress Live Without Anxiety or Stress
"It's Not Easy Being Green" - But It Is Healthy
Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE AND SAVE 15% NOW*
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map