ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

What does fibromyalgia feel like?

Response to vitamin B12 and folic acid in myalgic encephalomyelitis and fibromyalgia.

Fibromyalgia and Thyroid Resistance

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) May Be Common in Fibromyalgia

Be Your Own Researcher: Treat Chronic Pain as a Daily Experiment

Five Things You Should Never Say to a Person with Chronic Illness...And What To Say Instead

Fibromyalgia has a high prevalence and impact in cardiac failure patients.

You Can Use Mindfulness to Choose How to Live

The International Support Fibromyalgia Network (ISFN)

Fibro-mates, GI Disturbance, and Hypnosis

Print Page
Email Article

Antigenic properties of Borrelia burgdorferi isolated from Ixodes ovatus and Ixodes persulcatus in Hokkaido, Japan.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Masuzawa T, Okada Y, Yanagihara Y, Sato N • • August 1, 1991


Spirochete strains HP3 and HO14, isolated from Ixodes persulcatus and I. ovatus in Hokkaido in 1989, were the first isolates of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiological agent of Lyme disease, to be recognized in Japan. Antigenic properties of the Japanese strains were compared with those of the strains isolated in the United States (B31 and 297) and Europe (IRS, P/Gau, P/Bi, 2/B45, and 3/B56) by Western blotting (immunoblotting), by using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against strains B31 and P/Bi. The Japanese strains reacted with MAb U40 against the 41-kDa antigen. MAb E34a31 against Osp A reacted with all the strains tested except for strain HP3. Furthermore, MAb U31b against Osp A reacted with all the American and European strains but did not react with the Japanese strains. When MAbs against Osp B were used, MAb E34b reacted only with European strains and MAb U34b reacted only with the American strains. However, neither showed reactivity to two Japanese strains. MAb E60 against 60-kDa antigen reacted with all the U.S. and European strains and strain HP3 but did not react with Japanese strain HO14. These results indicate that the antigenicity of the Japanese strains isolated from two species of ixodid ticks is different from that of the strains isolated in the United States and Europe. It is suggested that the Japanese strains are much more suitable than the U.S. or European strains as the antigen source for the serodiagnosis of Lyme disease in Japan.

J Clin Microbiol. 1991 Aug;29(8):1568-73. Comparative Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Fibro Freedom™ FibroSleep™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida®

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, Strengthens & Revitalizes
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt
Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea
Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia
Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems! Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems!
Complete and Natural Menopause Relief Complete and Natural Menopause Relief

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map