Activate Now
ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Aromatherapy Diffusers For Fibromyalgia Support

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Fibromyalgia and Mitchondrial Disorders: A Comparison Plus the MitoQ Trial...

Dr. Teitelbaum's 3 Steps to Fibromyalgia Pain Relief - Part 1: Understanding Fibromyalgia Pain

An Interview with Ken McKim: Educating the public about chronic illness

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Are All the "Feel-Good" Pathways Blocked in Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

5 Things I've Learned About Chronic Illness Through Mindfulness

Cellular Havoc: Zeroing In On The Sleep Problems in Fibromyalgia?

Staying healthy from fibromyalgia is ongoing hard work

Solving the mysteries of fibromyalgia could help patients break free

Print Page
Email Article

Fibromyalgia Etiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • December 12, 2012

[Note: You may read the full text of this article free HERE.]


Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Etiology, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

– Source: Pain Research and Treatment, Epub November 4, 2012

By Enrico Bellato, et al.


Fibromyalgia syndrome is mainly characterized by pain, fatigue, and sleep disruption. The etiology of fibromyalgia is still unclear: if central sensitization is considered to be the main mechanism involved, then many other factors, genetic, immunological, and hormonal, may play an important role.

The diagnosis is typically clinical (there are no laboratory abnormalities) and the physician must concentrate on pain and on its features. Additional symptoms (e.g., Raynaud's phenomenon, irritable bowel disease, and heat and cold intolerance) can be associated with this condition. A careful differential diagnosis is mandatory: fibromyalgia is not a diagnosis of exclusion. Since 1990, diagnosis has been principally based on the two major diagnostic criteria defined by the ACR. Recently, new criteria have been proposed.

The main goals of the treatment are to alleviate pain, increase restorative sleep, and improve physical function. A multidisciplinary approach is optimal. While most nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids have limited benefit, an important role is played by antidepressants and neuromodulating antiepileptics: currently duloxetine (NNT for a 30% pain reduction 7.2), milnacipran (NNT 19), and pregabalin (NNT 8.6) are the only drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of fibromyalgia. In addition, nonpharmacological treatments should be associated with drug therapy.

Source: Pain Research and Treatment, November 4, 2012. By Enrico Bellato, Eleonora Marini, Filippo Castoldi, Nicola Barbasetti, Lorenzo Mattei, Davide Edoardo Bonasis, Davide Blonna. Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, CTO-Maria Adelaide Hospital, University of Turin Medical School, Via Zuretti 29, 10126 Turin, Italy.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
B-12 Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Featured Products

B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, strengthens & revitalizes
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Secret Nutrient for Radiant Skin Secret Nutrient for Radiant Skin
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic
Ubiquinol - A More Advanced Form of the Energy Producing Nutrient CoQ-10 Ubiquinol - A More Advanced Form of the Energy Producing Nutrient CoQ-10
The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing