ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

What Does Fibromyalgia Feel Like?

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) May Be Common in Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia and Thyroid Resistance

Be Your Own Researcher: Treat Chronic Pain as a Daily Experiment

VIDEO: What is Fibromyalgia?

Five Things You Should Never Say to a Person with Chronic Illness...And What To Say Instead

Fibromyalgia has a high prevalence and impact in cardiac failure patients.

Journey to a Diagnosis

My Current Treatment Protocol for Chronic Lyme and Fibromyalgia

The International Support Fibromyalgia Network (ISFN)

 
Print Page
Email Article

Legalization of Medical Marijuana Resulted in Fewer Opioid Overdose Deaths

  [ 11 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • August 28, 2014


Medical Cannabis Laws and Opioid Analgesic Overdose Mortality in the United States, 1999-2010

By Marcus A. Bachhuber, MD, et al.

Abstract:

Importance: Opioid analgesic overdose mortality continues to rise in the United States, driven by increases in prescribing for chronic pain. Because chronic pain is a major indication for medical cannabis, laws that establish access to medical cannabis may change overdose mortality related to opioid analgesics in states that have enacted them.

Objective:  To determine the association between the presence of state medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality.

Design, Setting, and Participants:  A time-series analysis was conducted of medical cannabis laws and state-level death certificate data in the United States from 1999 to 2010; all 50 states were included.

Exposures:  Presence of a law establishing a medical cannabis program in the state.

Main Outcomes and Measures:  Age-adjusted opioid analgesic overdose death rate per 100 000 population in each state. Regression models were developed including state and year fixed effects, the presence of 3 different policies regarding opioid analgesics, and the state-specific unemployment rate.

Results:  Three states (California, Oregon, and Washington) had medical cannabis laws effective prior to 1999. Ten states (Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Vermont) enacted medical cannabis laws between 1999 and 2010. States with medical cannabis laws had a 24.8% lower mean annual opioid overdose mortality rate (95% CI, ?37.5% to ?9.5%; P?=?.003) compared with states without medical cannabis laws. Examination of the association between medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality in each year after implementation of the law showed that such laws were associated with a lower rate of overdose mortality that generally strengthened over time: year 1 (?19.9%; 95% CI, ?30.6% to ?7.7%; P?=?.002), year 2 (?25.2%; 95% CI, ?40.6% to ?5.9%; P?=?.01), year 3 (?23.6%; 95% CI, ?41.1% to ?1.0%; P?=?.04), year 4 (?20.2%; 95% CI, ?33.6% to ?4.0%; P?=?.02), year 5 (?33.7%; 95% CI, ?50.9% to ?10.4%; P?=?.008), and year 6 (?33.3%; 95% CI, ?44.7% to ?19.6%; P?
Conclusions and Relevance:  Medical cannabis laws are associated with significantly lower state-level opioid overdose mortality rates. Further investigation is required to determine how medical cannabis laws may interact with policies aimed at preventing opioid analgesic overdose.

Source: JAMA Internal Medicine, August 25, 2014. By Marcus A. Bachhuber, MD, Brendan Saloner, PhD, Chinazo O. Cunningham, MD, MS and Colleen L. Barry, PhD, MPP.




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Energy NADH™ 12.5mg


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, Strengthens & Revitalizes
B-12 Extreme™ B-12 Extreme™
The Most Potent Vitamin B-12 on Earth
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 Your Brain Needs for Detox & Sharpness
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Supercharge Your Brain with Two Powerful Nutrients Supercharge Your Brain with Two Powerful Nutrients
More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History
The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream
The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map