Activate Now
 
ProHealth fibromyalgia Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Is the Fibromyalgia Immune System Compromised?

Reduced Dermal Nerve Fiber Diameter in Fibromyalgia

Even my tired is tired!

The Neuroinflammation Man: Jarred Younger on Inflammation, Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

How to Cope When Others Don't Understand Your Illness

Riding the Chronic Illness Roller Coaster

The 50/10 Guide for Fibromyalgia Mobility

The Next Lyrica? Thousand Person Fibromyalgia Drug Trial Underway

Finding Joy in Every Day

SURVEY RESULTS: What Triggered Your Illness?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Legalization of Medical Marijuana Resulted in Fewer Opioid Overdose Deaths

  [ 11 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • August 28, 2014


Medical Cannabis Laws and Opioid Analgesic Overdose Mortality in the United States, 1999-2010

By Marcus A. Bachhuber, MD, et al.

Abstract:

Importance: Opioid analgesic overdose mortality continues to rise in the United States, driven by increases in prescribing for chronic pain. Because chronic pain is a major indication for medical cannabis, laws that establish access to medical cannabis may change overdose mortality related to opioid analgesics in states that have enacted them.

Objective:  To determine the association between the presence of state medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality.

Design, Setting, and Participants:  A time-series analysis was conducted of medical cannabis laws and state-level death certificate data in the United States from 1999 to 2010; all 50 states were included.

Exposures:  Presence of a law establishing a medical cannabis program in the state.

Main Outcomes and Measures:  Age-adjusted opioid analgesic overdose death rate per 100 000 population in each state. Regression models were developed including state and year fixed effects, the presence of 3 different policies regarding opioid analgesics, and the state-specific unemployment rate.

Results:  Three states (California, Oregon, and Washington) had medical cannabis laws effective prior to 1999. Ten states (Alaska, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Vermont) enacted medical cannabis laws between 1999 and 2010. States with medical cannabis laws had a 24.8% lower mean annual opioid overdose mortality rate (95% CI, ?37.5% to ?9.5%; P?=?.003) compared with states without medical cannabis laws. Examination of the association between medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality in each year after implementation of the law showed that such laws were associated with a lower rate of overdose mortality that generally strengthened over time: year 1 (?19.9%; 95% CI, ?30.6% to ?7.7%; P?=?.002), year 2 (?25.2%; 95% CI, ?40.6% to ?5.9%; P?=?.01), year 3 (?23.6%; 95% CI, ?41.1% to ?1.0%; P?=?.04), year 4 (?20.2%; 95% CI, ?33.6% to ?4.0%; P?=?.02), year 5 (?33.7%; 95% CI, ?50.9% to ?10.4%; P?=?.008), and year 6 (?33.3%; 95% CI, ?44.7% to ?19.6%; P?
Conclusions and Relevance:  Medical cannabis laws are associated with significantly lower state-level opioid overdose mortality rates. Further investigation is required to determine how medical cannabis laws may interact with policies aimed at preventing opioid analgesic overdose.

Source: JAMA Internal Medicine, August 25, 2014. By Marcus A. Bachhuber, MD, Brendan Saloner, PhD, Chinazo O. Cunningham, MD, MS and Colleen L. Barry, PhD, MPP.



Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™ Hydroxocobalamin Extreme™
The B-12 your brain needs for detox & sharpness
Guaifenesin FA™ Guaifenesin FA™
Natural Expectorant Relieves Chest Congestion
Fibro Freedom™ Fibro Freedom™
Soothes, strengthens & revitalizes

Natural Remedies

Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging
Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract Fighting Fatigue with Ground-breaking French Oak Wood Extract
Complete and Natural Menopause Relief Complete and Natural Menopause Relief
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints
Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep? Can Glycine + Amino Acids Be the Secret to Deep, Rejuvenating Sleep?

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing