ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

Missing protein explains link between obesity, diabetes

Single tick bite can pack double pathogen punch

Fish oil use associated with brain volume preservation

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

Genetic basis for distinct type of autism uncovered

Higher vitamin D levels associated with better cancer prognosis

Genetic study suggests causal link between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension

Unsuspected aspect of immune regulation revealed: Role of B cells

Explaining 'Healthy' Obesity

IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders

 
Print Page
Email Article

Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Blocks Differentiation and Enhances Suppressive Activity of Immature Myeloid Cells during Chronic Inflammation

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ 1 Comment ]
By M. Sade-Feldman et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 6, 2013


Editor's Comment: A number of studies have found elevated inflammatory cytokines in patients with CFS/ME. In 1999, Moss et al. discovered that TNF-a was elevated in CFS patients. Maes et al. confirmed this finding in 2011. Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines, including TNF-a, have also been found in fibromyalgia patients. (Read the abstract HERE.Zeta chain downregulation has been implicated in cancer and in autoimmune diseases.

~Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013

By M. Sade-Feldman et al.

Highlights

  • TNF-a promotes immunosuppression during chronic inflammation via MDSCs
  • TNF-a blocks MDSC maturation by enhancing S100A8/9 and RAGE expression
  • TNF-a augments MDSC suppressive activity impairing T and NK cell function
  • Etanercept enhances MDSC maturation and reduces their suppressive activity

Summary

Elevated concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) are detected in pathologies characterized by chronic inflammation. Whether TNF-a plays a role in manipulating the host’s immune system toward generating an immunosuppressive milieu, typical of ongoing chronic inflammation, is unclear. Here we showed that TNF-a exhibited a dual function during chronic inflammation: arresting differentiation of immature myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) primarily via the S100A8 and S100A9 inflammatory proteins and their corresponding receptor (RAGE) and augmenting MDSC suppressive activity. These functions led to in vivo T and NK cell dysfunction accompanied by T cell antigen receptor zeta chain downregulation. Furthermore, administration of etanercept (TNF-a antagonist) during early chronic inflammatory stages reduced MDSCs’ suppressive activity and enhanced their maturation into dendritic cells and macrophages, resulting in the restoration of in vivo immune functions and recovery of zeta chain expression. Thus, TNF has a fundamental role in promoting an immunosuppressive environment generated during chronic inflammation.

Source: Immunity, Volume 38, Issue 3, 541-554, 07 March 2013. Sade-Feldman M, Kanterman J, Ish-Shalom E, Elnekave M, Horwitz E, Baniyash M. The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, The Institute for Medical Research Israel-Canada.





Join the Discussion Post a Comment 


TNF-a
Posted by: IanH
Apr 6, 2013
Also reduces mitochondrial membrane potential gradient when chronically elevated. This in turn leads to many of the symptoms in ME/CFS
Reply Reply
 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Your Next Order

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

A Breakthrough for Mitochondrial Dysfunction A Breakthrough for Mitochondrial Dysfunction
Sweet Tips for Fibromyalgia Success Sweet Tips for Fibromyalgia Success
Natural Support for Mood, Sleep and Mental Focus? L-theanine Natural Support for Mood, Sleep and Mental Focus? L-theanine
Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH
Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing