Effectiveness of Tai-Chi for Decreasing Acute Pain in Fibromyalgia Patients.
By V. Segura-Jiménez, et al.
Tai-Chi has shown benefits in physical and psychological outcomes in diverse populations. We aimed to determine the changes elicited by a Tai-Chi program (12 and 24 weeks) in acute pain (before vs. after session) in fibromyalgia patients. We also assessed the cumulative changes in pain brought about by a Tai-Chi program.
Thirty-six patients (29 women) with fibromyalgia participated in a low-moderate intensity Tai-Chi program for 12 weeks (3 sessions/week). Twenty-eight patients (27 women) continued the program for an additional 12 weeks (i. e., 24 weeks). We assessed pain by means of a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and after each single session (i. e., 72 sessions).
We observed significant immediate changes (P-values from 0.037 to 0.0001) with an approximately 12% mean decrease of acute pain in the comparison of VAS-values before and after each session (72 sessions in total), with the exception of 4 sessions.
We observed significant changes in cumulative pain pre-session (95% CI=-0.019; -0.014; P<0.001) and cumulative pain post-session (95% CI=-0.021; -0.015; P<0.001) along the 24-week intervention only.
In conclusion, a low-moderate intensity Tai-Chi program for 12 weeks (3 times/week) decreased levels of acute pain in fibromyalgia patients. A longer period is necessary (e. g. 24 weeks) for observing cumulative changes in pain.
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Source: International Journal of Sports Medicine, November 7, 2013. By V. Segura-Jiménez, A. Romero-Zurita, A. Carbonell-Baeza, V. A. Aparicio, J. R. Ruiz, and M. Delgado-Fernández. Department of Physical Education and Sports, School of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.