ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|
 
Print Page
Email Article

Silymarin [Milk Thistle Extract] inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in hepatic cancer cells - Source: Cell Proliferation, Apr 2009

  [ 5 votes ]   [ Post a Comment ]
By G Ramakrishnan, T Devaki, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 17, 2009

previous article next article

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate mechanisms involved in the growth inhibitory effect of silymarin, in human hepatocellular carcinoma [cancer of the liver].

Materials and Methods: The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 was utilized and the MTT assay was performed to study the antiproliferative effect of silymarin. Dual staining was undertaken for ethidium bromide/acridine orange, propidium iodide staining and DNA fragmentation studies were executed to confirm the presence of apoptosis. Cell-cycle analysis was revealed by flow cytometry, and mitochondrial transmembrane potential was measured by uptake of the mitochondrial-specific lipophilic cationic dye rhodamine 123. Western blotting analysis for cytochrome c, p53, Bax, Bcl-2, APAF-1, caspase-3, survivin, beta-catenin, cyclin D1, c-Myc and PCNA was carried out.

Results:

• Silymarin inhibited population growth of the hepatocellular carcinoma cells in a dose-dependent manner, and the percentage of apoptotic [disintegrating] cells was increased after treatment with 50 and 75 microg/ml silymarin for 24 h.

• Silymarin treatment increased the proportion of cells with reduced DNA content (sub-G(0)/G(1) or A(0) peak), indicative of apoptosis with loss of cells in the G(1) phase.

• Silymarin also decreased mitochondrial transmembrane potential of the cells, thereby increasing levels of cytosolic cytochrome c while up-regulating expression of pro-apoptotic proteins (such as p53, Bax, APAF-1 and caspase-3) with concomitant decrease in anti-apoptotic proteins (Bcl-2 and survivin) and proliferation-associated proteins (beta-catenin, cyclin D1, c-Myc and PCNA).

Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that silymarin treatment inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in the human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2.

Source: Cell Proliferation, Apr 2009;42(2):229-40. PMID: 19317806, by Ramakrishnan G, Lo Muzio L, Elinos-Báez CM, Jagan S, Augustine TA, Kamaraj S, Anandakumar P, Devaki T. Department of Biochemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Tamil Nadu, India. [E-mail: T Devaki biorkn@gmail.com]



previous article
  Rating 3 (5 votes) next article




DISCUSS THIS ARTICLE   (0 existing comments) Post a Comment 




[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Your Next Order

Featured Products
OsteoTec™ UC-II® OsteoTec™ UC-II®
A True Breakthrough in Joint health
Vitamin D3 5000 IU Vitamin D3 5000 IU
Give your body a boost with the sunshine vitamin
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Natural Resveratrol Natural Resveratrol
Powerful Antioxidant Support + Positive Anti-aging Effects
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Most Viewed Articles
What's the Hidden Cause Behind YOUR Fibromyalgia Flares? [more]

Pridgen Reports Fibromyalgia Antiviral Trial Results “Very Positive”: Predicts New Approach Will Be ... [more]

Massage Therapy Studies for Fibromyalgia Reviewed [more]

How to Limit or Minimize Your Fibromyalgia Flare [more]

Mitochondrial Dysfunction, Post-Exertional Malaise and CFS/ME [more]

The Devil Is In The Details – A Herpes Simplex Virus Inquiry For Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Sy... [more]

Sympathetic Nervous System Dysfunction in FIbromyalgia and Overlapping Conditions [more]

VIDEO: IACFS/ME Conference - Summary of Research by Dr. Komaroff [more]

Review of Nutritional Supplements Used for ME/CFS and FM [more]

FREE: Stop Feeding Yourself PAIN Guide [more]


FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing