ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

Top Anti-Inflammatory Foods, Herbs, and Spices

Latent HIV may lurk in 'quiet' immune cells, research suggests

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

Multiple sclerosis: pathological progression of the disease documented for the first time

Propolis - The Natural Antibiotic for MRSA, Candida, and More

Microbiome linked to type 1 diabetes

Omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D may control brain serotonin, affecting behavior and psychiatric disor...

Lyme disease costs up to $1. 3 billion per year to treat, study finds

Common Allergy Medication May Be Effective In Starving and Killing the Bacteria That Causes Lyme Dis...

Link between inflammation and type 2 diabetes identified

 
Print Page
Email Article

The mouse “xenotropic” gammaretroviruses and their XPR1 receptor – Source: Retrovirology, Nov 30, 2010

  [ 6 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Christine A Kozak • www.ProHealth.com • December 1, 2010


[Note: To read the full text of this article free, click here.]

The xenotropic/polytropic subgroup of mouse leukemia viruses (MLVs) all rely on the XPR1 receptor for entry, but these viruses vary in tropism, distribution among wild and laboratory mice, pathogenicity, strategies used for transmission, and sensitivity to host restriction factors.

Most, but not all, isolates have typical xenotropic or polytropic host range, and these two MLV tropism types have now been detected in humans as viral sequences or as infectious virus, termed XMRV, or xenotropic murine leukemia virusrelated virus.

The mouse xenotropic MLVs (X-MLVs) were originally defined by their inability to infect cells of their natural mouse hosts. It is now clear, however, that XMLVs actually have the broadest host range of the MLVs.

Nearly all nonrodent mammals are susceptible to X-MLVs, and all species of wild mice and several common strains of laboratory mice are X-MLV susceptible.

The polytropic MLVs, named for their apparent broad host range, show a more limited host range than the X-MLVs in that they fail to infect cells of many mouse species as well as many nonrodent mammals.

The co-evolution of these viruses with their receptor and other host factors that affect their replication has produced a heterogeneous group of viruses capable of inducing various diseases, as well as endogenized viral genomes, some of which have been domesticated by their hosts to serve in antiviral defense.

Source: Retrovirology, Nov 30, 2010. Kozak C. Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. [Email: ckozak@niaid.nih.gov]



Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Vitamins and Supplements

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging Broad Spectrum Protection Against Brain Aging
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Shoo Pain, Don't Bother Me - Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life Shoo Pain, Don't Bother Me - Top 10 Nutrients to Take Back Your Life
Live Longer: Groundbreaking Research on Omega-3s Live Longer: Groundbreaking Research on Omega-3s
The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing