Activate Now
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Brain White Matter Abnormalities in Female Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome: A MAPP Netwo...

International Lyme and Associated Diseases Society Hosts Its Annual Scientific Conference in Ft. Lau...

How One LLND Treats Lyme disease and Co-infections Using Natural Medicine

Top 7 Nutrient-Dense Foods That Make Calorie Counting Obsolete

Acupuncture reduces hot flashes in breast cancer survivors

For veterans with Gulf War Illness, an explanation for the unexplainable symptoms

SURVEY: Has Your Illness Affected What You Eat?

DePaul Study Recruiting Participants

VIDEO: Dr. Horowitz Discusses Lyme Disease and Chronic Illness

Cocoa flavanols lower blood pressure and increase blood vessel function in healthy people

Print Page
Email Article

Invalidation, lack of personal support, loneliness more marked with fibromyalgia than other rheumatic diseases

  [ 16 votes ]   [ 1 Comment ] • February 17, 2012

Loneliness in patients with rheumatic diseases: The significance of invalidation and lack of social support
– Source: Journal of Psychology, Jan-April 2012

By MB Kool, R Geenen

Rheumatic diseases affect about 20% of the population, leading to common symptoms such as joint problems, pain, fatigue, and stiffness. Loneliness is prevalent in individuals with rheumatic diseases. This could be due to not receiving social support and being stigmatized and invalidated, which might be most common in fibromyalgia, a rheumatic disease that lacks medical evidence. ["Invalidated" means people do not believe in one's symptoms.]

The aim of this study was to compare loneliness in distinct rheumatic diseases and to examine the association of loneliness with social support and invalidation.

Participants were 927 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (n = 152), fibromyalgia (n = 341), osteoarthritis (n = 150), rheumatoid arthritis (n = 171), or systemic diseases (n = 113).

They completed online questionnaires including an 11-point Likert scale assessing loneliness, the Illness Invalidation Inventory (3*1; Kool et al., 2010), and the Social Support Survey (SSS; De Boer, Wijker, Speelman, & De Haes, 1996; Sherbourne & Stewart, 1991).

Patients with fibromyalgia experienced significantly more loneliness than patients with ankylosing spondylitis and patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Besides being younger, having lower education, and not working, in multiple regression analyses both lack of social support and invalidation were independently correlated with loneliness.

This suggests that to decrease loneliness, therapeutic attention should be given to both increasing social support as well as decreasing invalidation (stigma) in patients with rheumatic diseases, especially in patients with fibromyalgia.

Source: Journal of Psychology, Jan-April 2012; 146(1-2):229-41. PMID: 22303622, by Kool MB, Geenen R. Utrecht University, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands. [Email:]

Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 

Lack of personal support in rheumatic disease
Posted by: spacee
Feb 18, 2012
It is offensive to me to read that FM patients are younger, have less education and don't work
as opposed to the other ill ppl. I know plenty of older, well educated ppl who are still hanging]
on to their jobs and have FM. I feel like that was a biased opinion against FM patients.
Reply Reply
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Vitamins and Supplements

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes? Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes?
Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic
Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker
Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics

What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing