A randomized controlled trial of 8-form Tai chi improves symptoms and functional mobility in fibromyalgia patients
– Source: Clinical Rheumatology, May 13, 2012
By Kim D Jones, PhD, Robert M Bennett, MD, et al.
[Note: Tai Chi is a controlled, meditational discipline involving a flowing series of movements that encourage postural balance, rotation, flexing, strength, and enhanced circulation, and as modified in this trial do not worsen pain. The well-respected Oregon Health & Science University’s Fibromyalgia Research Unit was founded by Dr. Robert Bennett, a pioneer in clinical FM research.]
Previous researchers have found that 10-form Tai chi yields symptomatic benefit in patients with fibromyalgia (FM).
The purpose of this study was to further investigate earlier findings and add a focus on functional mobility.
We conducted a parallel-group randomized controlled trial of FM-modified 8-form Yang-style Tai chi program compared to an education control.
Participants met in small groups twice weekly for 90 minutes over 12 weeks.
The primary endpoint was symptom reduction and improvement in self-report physical function, as measured by the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), from baseline to 12 weeks.
Secondary endpoints included pain severity and interference (Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), sleep (Pittsburg sleep Inventory), self-efficacy, and functional mobility.
Of the 101 randomly assigned subjects (mean age 54 years, 93% female), those in the Tai chi condition compared with the education condition demonstrated clinically and statistically significant improvements in:
• FIQ scores (16.5 vs. 3.1, p=0.0002) [Note: the maximum FIQ score is 100, average score is about 50 and 70 is considered severe impact, according to Dr. Bennett, who developed the measure.],
• BPI pain severity (1.2 vs. 0.4, p=0.0008),
• BPI pain interference (2.1 vs. 0.6, p=0.0000),
• Sleep (2.0 vs. -0.03, p=0.0003),
• And self-efficacy for pain control (9.2 vs. -1.5, p=0.0001).
Functional mobility variables including timed get up and go (-.9 vs. -.3, p=0.0001), static balance (7.5 vs. -0.3, p=0.0001), and dynamic balance (1.6 vs. 0.3, p=0.0001) were significantly improved with Tai chi compared with education control.
No adverse events were noted.
Twelve weeks of Tai chi, practice twice weekly, provided worthwhile improvement in common FM symptoms including pain and physical function including mobility.
Tai chi appears to be a safe and an acceptable exercise modality that may be useful as adjunctive therapy in the management of FM patients.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier, NCT01311427.
Source: Clinical Rheumatology, May 13, 2012. PMID:22581278, by Jones KD, Sherman CA, Mist SD, Carson JW, Bennett RM, Li F. Fibromyalgia Research Unit, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA. [Email:firstname.lastname@example.org]