Activate Now
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

'Healthy' Foods Differ by Individual

Surprising Benefits of Cinnamon

Specific vitamin D levels linked to heart problems

A Sleep Intervention For Children With Autism: A Pilot Study

Higher vitamin D levels may be protective against acute rhinosinusitis

Basic Vitamin A Primer

Curcumin: The All In One Solution

Coconut oil can control overgrowth of a fungal pathogen in GI tract, study in mice suggests

Pilot Study: Measuring Relaxation Response to the iLs Dreampad

Researchers are on their way to predicting what side effects you'll experience from a drug

Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Treatment of Fibromyalgia with Antidepressants: A Meta-Analysis

  [ 46 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By P.G. O'Malley, E. Balden, G. Tomkins, J. Santoro, K. Kroenke, J.L. Jackson • • November 7, 2001

Competing interests: None declared

Funding: MacArthur Foundation Initiative on Depression in Primary Care. This digest and commentary appeared in Evidence-Based Medicine, 2001; 6:77

Studies in any language were identified by searching MEDLINE (1966 to June 1999), PsycLIT (1974-1998), and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1974-1998) with the terms fibromyalgia, fibrositis, and fibromyositis combined with various terms for antidepressive agents (including specific drug names); the Cochrane Library Clinical Trials Registry and Database of Systematic Reviews; Federal Research in Progress to identify unpublished trials; and bibliographies of reviewed articles.

Studies were selected if they were randomized, placebo-controlled trials with at least 1 group receiving an antidepressant drug and if they reported measurable outcomes.

Data were extracted on setting; country; dose, duration, and follow-up of treatment; number of participants and demographics; assessment of comorbid disease; follow-up losses (i.e., unavailable for follow-up); adverse effects; and outcomes. Methodologic quality of individual trials was assessed using the Jadad scale.

We included 13 trials (mean sample size, 54; mean duration, 8.1 weeks) in the analysis. Mean quality score for the Jadad scale was 5.6 of a maximum of 8. Nine studies did not give the method of randomization, 7 had no intention-to-treat analysis, 3 inadequately assured blinding effectiveness, 5 did not assess adverse effects, and 6 had lower than 20% loss to follow-up. Trials assessed the efficacy of 3 classes of antidepressant drugs: tricyclic antidepressants (8 trials of amitriptyline hydrochloride, 1 of clomipramine hydrochloride, and 1 of maprotiline hydrochloride), S-adenosyl-1-methionine (2 trials), and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (2 of fluoxetine hydrochloride and 1 of citalopram hydrobromide).

Meta-analysis was done using a random-effects model. Meta-analysis of dichotomous outcome data (10 trials) showed that patients who received antidepressants had more symptom improvement than those who received placebo (odds ratio, 4.2 [95% confidence interval (CI), 2.6-6.8]; number needed to treat, 4 [95% CI, 2.9-6.3]). Meta-analysis of continuous outcome data showed that antidepressant drugs were associated with improvements in fatigue scores (8 trials, 0.39 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.11-0.66]), sleep scores (8 trials, 0.49 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.3-0.69]), pain scores (10 trials, 0.52 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.21-0.81]), and overall well-being (7 trials, 0.49 SD unit improvement [95% CI, 0.18-0.80]) but not in the number of trigger points.

Antidepressant drugs improve overall symptoms and individual symptoms of fatigue, sleep, and pain in patients with fibromyalgia.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Optimized Curcumin Longvida®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder
Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker Coenzyme Q10 - The Energy Maker
The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know The Surprising Benefits of Probiotics - What You Didn't Know

What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing