ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

New Lyme guidelines promote options and informed choice

Phases of clinical depression could affect treatment

“Worm pill” could ease autoimmune disease symptoms

Eating Baked or Broiled Fish Weekly Boosts Brain Health, Pitt Study Says

Preserving Cognitive Function with Aging

Scientists Look for Biomarkers to Improve Treatment of Painful Bladder Condition

9 Health Benefits of Cucumbers

New culprit identified in metabolic syndrome

Low vitamin D levels linked to increased risks after noncardiac surgery

Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Unlocking the Secrets of Peppermint, Acacia and Fennel

 
Print Page
Email Article

CD28 Deficiency Exacerbates Joint Inflammation upon Borrelia burgdorferi Infection, Resulting in the Development of Chronic Lyme Arthritis - Source: Journal of Immunology, Dec 15, 2007

  [ 189 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Dr. Brigitte T Humber, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • December 12, 2007


[Note: CD28 is a molecule that activates immune T cells.]

Lyme disease, caused by the tick-borne spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb), is a multisystem illness, affecting many organs, such as the heart, the nervous system, and the joints. Months after Bb infection, approximately 60% of patients experience intermittent arthritic attacks, a condition that in some individuals progresses to chronic joint inflammation.

Although mice develop acute arthritis in response to Bb infection, the joint inflammation clears after 2 wk, despite continuous infection, only very rarely presenting with chronic Lyme arthritis. Thus, the lack of an animal system has so far prevented the elucidation of this persistent inflammatory process that occurs in humans.

In this study, we report that the majority of Bb-infected CD28(-/-) mice develop chronic Lyme arthritis. Consistent with observations in chronic Lyme arthritis patients, the infected mutant, but not wild-type mice, present recurring monoarticular arthritis over an extended time period, as well as anti-outer surface protein A of Bb serum titers.

Furthermore, we demonstrate that anti-outer surface protein A Abs develop in these mice only after establishment of chronic Lyme arthritis. Thus, the Bb-infected CD28(-/-) mice provide a murine model for studying chronic Lyme arthritis.

Source: Journal of Immunology, Dec 15, 2007. 179(12):8076-82. PMID: 18056348, by Iliopoulou BP, Alroy J, Huber BT. Department of Pathology, Department of Pathology-Veterinary Medicine, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [E-mail: brigitte.huber@tufts.edu ]




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Your Next Order

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

How I Found My Long-Lost Energy How I Found My Long-Lost Energy
More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History
Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging
Protect Against Sun-Induced Skin Aging From The Inside Out Protect Against Sun-Induced Skin Aging From The Inside Out

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing