ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

7 Best Foods You Can Eat

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Study: Doubling saturated fat in the diet does not increase saturated fat in blood

The Gut Microbiome and the Brain

Fight Inflammation and Promote Cognitive Health with High-OPC Grape Seed

CoQ10 supplementation reduces statin-related muscle pain in randomized trial

Plant used in traditional Chinese medicine may treat metabolic diseases and obesity

Controlling obesity with potato extract

Natural Gut Viruses Join Bacterial “Cousins” in Maintaining Health and Fighting Infections

Proton pump inhibitors decrease diversity in gut microbiome, increase risk for complications

 
Print Page
Email Article

The brain in the age of old: The hippocampal formation is targeted differentially by diseases of late life – Source: Annals of Neurology, Dec 2008

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By William Wu, Scott A Small, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • January 6, 2009


Objective: To rely on the anatomical organization of the hippocampal formation in understanding whether and how late-life diseases such as diabetes and stroke contribute to age-related cognitive decline.

Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to document brain infarcts and to generate high-resolution functional maps of the hippocampal formation in 240 community-based nondemented elders (mean age, 79.7 years) who received a comprehensive medical evaluation. Sixty participants had type 2 diabetes mellitus, whereas 74 had MRI-documented brain infarcts, and the first analysis was designed to pinpoint hippocampal subregions differentially linked to each disorder. Then, guided by the results, additional functional MRI studies in aging rhesus monkeys and mice were used to test proposed mechanisms of dysfunction.

Results: Although both diabetes and brain infarcts were associated with hippocampal dysfunction, each was linked to separate hippocampal subregions, suggesting distinct underlying mechanisms.

The hippocampal subregion linked to diabetes implicated blood glucose as a pathogenic mechanism, a hypothesis confirmed by imaging aging rhesus monkeys and a mouse model of diabetes.

The hippocampal subregion linked to infarcts suggested transient hypoperfusion as a pathogenic mechanism, a hypothesis provisionally confirmed by comparing anatomical patterns across subjects with infarcts in different vascular territories.

Interpretation: Taken together with previous findings, these results:

• Clarify how diseases of late life differentially target the hippocampal formation,

• Identify elevations in blood glucose as a contributing cause of age-related memory decline,

• And suggest specific interventions that can preserve cognitive health.

Source: Annals of Neurology, Dec 2008;64(6):698-706. PMID: 19107993, by Wu W, Brickman AM, Luchsinger J, Ferrazzano P, Pichiule P, Yoshita M, Brown T, DeCarli C, Barnes CA, Mayeux R, Vannucci SJ, Small SA. Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. Department of Neuroscience in Pediatrics/Newborn Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY; Imaging of Dementia and Aging Laboratory, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, CA; Evelyn F. McKnight Brain Institute, University of Arizona, Tucson. [E-mail: Scott A Small, sas68@columbia.edu]




Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Fatigue & Fibro Fog: Could You Have a B-12 Deficiency? Fatigue & Fibro Fog: Could You Have a B-12 Deficiency?
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints
The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol
Dreaming of a Good Night's Sleep? Dreaming of a Good Night's Sleep?
Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing