ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

Missing protein explains link between obesity, diabetes

Fish oil use associated with brain volume preservation

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

Genetic basis for distinct type of autism uncovered

Genetic study suggests causal link between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension

Unsuspected aspect of immune regulation revealed: Role of B cells

IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders

Explaining 'Healthy' Obesity

Sinus Congestion and Sinusitis, Healing Naturally

In the gut, immunity is a two-way street

 
Print Page
Email Article

We all belong to 1 of 3 gut microbe 'types' - not linked to nationality, diet, age, gender.

  [ 50 votes ]   [ 1 Comment ]
By M Arumungam, J Raes, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 27, 2011


Journal Abstract:

Enterotypes of the human gut microbiome - Source: Nature, Apr 20, 2011

[Note: The full text of this article is fee based, but the Nature News site has published a summary of its implications: “Gut study divides people into three types.” Clearly the potential for new discoveries is enormous and may turn up associations with disease risk, as in ME/CFS subgroups that have been associated with enteroviruses.]

Our knowledge of species and functional composition of the human gut microbiome is rapidly increasing, but it is still based on very few cohorts and little is known about variation across the world.

By combining 22 newly sequenced fecal metagenomes of individuals from four countries with previously published data sets, here we identify three robust clusters (referred to as enterotypes hereafter) that are not nation or continent specific.

We also confirmed the enterotypes in two published, larger cohorts, indicating that intestinal microbiota variation is generally stratified, not continuous.

This indicates further the existence of a limited number of well-balanced host–microbial symbiotic states that might respond differently to diet and drug intake.

The enterotypes are mostly driven by species composition, but abundant molecular functions are not necessarily provided by abundant species, highlighting the importance of a functional analysis to understand microbial communities.

Although individual host properties such as body mass index, age, or gender cannot explain the observed enterotypes, data-driven marker genes or functional modules can be identified for each of these host properties.

For example, twelve genes significantly correlate with age and three functional modules with the body mass index, hinting at a diagnostic potential of microbial markers.

Source: Nature, Apr 20, 2011. Arumungam M, Raes J, and scores of other members of the international Metagenomics of the Human Intestinal Tract (MetaHIT) Consortium.





Discuss This Article Post a Comment 

 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away
Sweet Tips for Fibromyalgia Success Sweet Tips for Fibromyalgia Success
How I Found My Long-Lost Energy How I Found My Long-Lost Energy
"It's Not Easy Being Green" - But It Is Healthy
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing