Objectives: Depression, chronic pain and sleep disturbances frequently co-exist in FM and have shown to be independently related with suicidal behaviors. The present survey was performed to evaluate the prevalence of previous suicide attempts in patients with FM and its potential relationship with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the disease.
Methods: A concise survey was sent to patients of seven associations of patients with FM. In addition to the inquiry concerning the number, if any, and characteristics of suicide attempts, the survey included questions about sociodemographic and clinical data of patients as well as the revised FM impact questionnaire (FIQR) and the Plutchik suicide risk scale.
Results: One hundred and eighty patients answered the survey.
• Thirty (16.7%) of them reported one to three previous suicide attempts.
• Drug poisoning was the most frequently employed method for suicide attempt (70%).
• No relevant differences were found between suicide attempters and non-attempters in relation to age, education and marital status,
• But a significant difference was found in relation to employment status.
Plutchik's scale scores, both in suicide attempters and non-attempters, were higher than those found in the literature.
FIQR scores were significantly higher in suicide attempters than in non-attempters.
A high-positive correlation was found between FIQR and Plutchik suicide risk scale scores.
Pain, poor sleep quality, anxiety and depression were positively correlated with suicide risk.
Conclusions: FM is associated with an increased risk of suicide and suicide attempts. Suicidal behavior seems to be related with the global severity of the disease.
Source: Rheumatology, Jul 12, 2011. PMID:21750003, by Calandre EP, Vilchez JS, Molina-Barea R, Tovar MI, Garcia-Leiva JM, Hidalgo J, Rodriguez-Lopez CM, Rico-Villademoros F. Instituto de Neurociencias, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain. [Email: firstname.lastname@example.org]