Activate Now
 
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

The New Dual Activation Pain Relief Cream

The Importance of B Vitamins for Brain Health and Combating Dementia

SURVEY RESULTS: Medical Marijuana

High serum omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid concentrations linked to lower risk of type 2 diabetes

Recipe: Mega-Golden Milk

Vitamin D supplementation shows promise for Hashimoto's thyroiditis

A Paleolithic-type diet may help reduce future risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease

Large whey protein breakfast may help manage type 2 diabetes

Meta-analysis adds evidence to antidepressant effect for omega-3

Selenium — What Is it and Where Do I Get It?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Clonidine Treatment in Adolescent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Dag Sulheim, MD at al. • www.ProHealth.com • February 19, 2014


Editor’s Comment: Sympathetic upregulation is common in patients with ME/CFS, and contributes to insomnia, migraines, nightmares, and feeling “tired and wired.” Clonidine inhibits sympathetic activity by reducing circulating epinephrine (adrenaline). Normally clonidine is used to treat high blood pressure, but off-label uses include sleep disorders, restless legs syndrome, anxiety disorders, and PTSD. While this study did not find clonidine effective for adolescents with ME/CFS, Dr. Jay Goldstein found that in adults it eliminated nightmares, reduced central pain, and, in  some patients, helped all symptoms. However, given the prevalence of orthostatic intolerance in adolescents with ME/CFS, it is not surprising that clonidine should have resulted in a reduction of physical activity (Stewart, 1999).Questions have also been raised concerning the ethics of testing drugs with potentially harmful side effects on ill children. (The age range in this study was 12-18 years.)

Disease Mechanisms and Clonidine Treatment in Adolescent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Combined Cross-sectional and Randomized Clinical Trial

By Dag Sulheim, MD at al.

Abstract

Importance: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling condition with unknown disease mechanisms and few treatment options.

Objective: To explore the pathophysiology of CFS and assess clonidine hydrochloride pharmacotherapy in adolescents with CFS by using a hypothesis that patients with CFS have enhanced sympathetic activity and that sympatho-inhibition by clonidine would improve symptoms and function.

Design, Setting, and Participants: Participants were enrolled from a single referral center recruiting nationwide in Norway. A referred sample of 176 adolescents with CFS was assessed for eligibility; 120 were included (34 males and 86 females; mean age, 15.4 years). A volunteer sample of 68 healthy adolescents serving as controls was included (22 males and 46 females; mean age, 15.1 years). The CFS patients and healthy controls were assessed cross-sectionally at baseline.

Thereafter, patients with CFS were randomized 1:1 to treatment with low-dose clonidine or placebo for 9 weeks and monitored for 30 weeks; double-blinding was provided. Data were collected from March 2010 until October 2012 as part of the Norwegian Study of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in Adolescents: Pathophysiology and Intervention Trial.

Interventions: Clonidine hydrochloride capsules (25 µg or 50 µg twice daily for body weight <35 kg or >35 kg, respectively) vs placebo capsules for 9 weeks.

Main Outcomes and Measures Number of steps per day.

Results: At baseline, patients with CFS had a lower number of steps per day (P?
There were no significant differences regarding blood microbiology evaluation. During intervention, the clonidine group had a lower number of steps per day (mean difference, ?637 steps; P?=?.07), lower plasma norepinephrine level (mean difference, ?42 pg/mL; P?=?.01), and lower serum C-reactive protein concentration (mean ratio, 0.69; P?=?.02) compared with the CFS placebo group.

Conclusions and Relevance: Adolescent CFS is associated with enhanced sympathetic nervous activity, low-grade systemic inflammation, attenuated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function, cognitive impairment, and large activity reduction, but not with common microorganisms. Low-dose clonidine attenuates sympathetic outflow and systemic inflammation in CFS but has a concomitant negative effect on physical activity; thus, sympathetic and inflammatory enhancement may be compensatory mechanisms. Low-dose clonidine is not clinically useful in CFS.

Source: Dag Sulheim, MD; Even Fagermoen, MD; Anette Winger, RN; Anders Mikal Andersen, BSc; Kristin Godang, BSc; Fredrik Müller, MD, PhD; Peter C. Rowe, MD, PhD; J. Philip Saul, MD; Eva Skovlund, PhD; Merete Glenne Øie, PhD; Vegard Bruun Wyller, MD, PhD. JAMA Pediatr. Published online February 03, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4647




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Aching for Pain Relief?

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You
Secret Nutrient for Radiant Skin Secret Nutrient for Radiant Skin
Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol Red Yeast Rice - Natural Option for Supporting Healthy Cholesterol
Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery
Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler

· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE AND SAVE 15% NOW*
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map