ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Neurological Diseases; Also Raises Risk of Asthma Attacks, and More

7 Best Foods You Can Eat

Study: Doubling saturated fat in the diet does not increase saturated fat in blood

The Gut Microbiome and the Brain

Fight Inflammation and Promote Cognitive Health with High-OPC Grape Seed

CoQ10 supplementation reduces statin-related muscle pain in randomized trial

Controlling obesity with potato extract

Plant used in traditional Chinese medicine may treat metabolic diseases and obesity

Natural Gut Viruses Join Bacterial “Cousins” in Maintaining Health and Fighting Infections

Proton pump inhibitors decrease diversity in gut microbiome, increase risk for complications

 
Print Page
Email Article

Clonidine Treatment in Adolescent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Dag Sulheim, MD at al. • www.ProHealth.com • February 19, 2014


Editor’s Comment: Sympathetic upregulation is common in patients with ME/CFS, and contributes to insomnia, migraines, nightmares, and feeling “tired and wired.” Clonidine inhibits sympathetic activity by reducing circulating epinephrine (adrenaline). Normally clonidine is used to treat high blood pressure, but off-label uses include sleep disorders, restless legs syndrome, anxiety disorders, and PTSD. While this study did not find clonidine effective for adolescents with ME/CFS, Dr. Jay Goldstein found that in adults it eliminated nightmares, reduced central pain, and, in  some patients, helped all symptoms. However, given the prevalence of orthostatic intolerance in adolescents with ME/CFS, it is not surprising that clonidine should have resulted in a reduction of physical activity (Stewart, 1999).Questions have also been raised concerning the ethics of testing drugs with potentially harmful side effects on ill children. (The age range in this study was 12-18 years.)

Disease Mechanisms and Clonidine Treatment in Adolescent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Combined Cross-sectional and Randomized Clinical Trial

By Dag Sulheim, MD at al.

Abstract

Importance: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disabling condition with unknown disease mechanisms and few treatment options.

Objective: To explore the pathophysiology of CFS and assess clonidine hydrochloride pharmacotherapy in adolescents with CFS by using a hypothesis that patients with CFS have enhanced sympathetic activity and that sympatho-inhibition by clonidine would improve symptoms and function.

Design, Setting, and Participants: Participants were enrolled from a single referral center recruiting nationwide in Norway. A referred sample of 176 adolescents with CFS was assessed for eligibility; 120 were included (34 males and 86 females; mean age, 15.4 years). A volunteer sample of 68 healthy adolescents serving as controls was included (22 males and 46 females; mean age, 15.1 years). The CFS patients and healthy controls were assessed cross-sectionally at baseline.

Thereafter, patients with CFS were randomized 1:1 to treatment with low-dose clonidine or placebo for 9 weeks and monitored for 30 weeks; double-blinding was provided. Data were collected from March 2010 until October 2012 as part of the Norwegian Study of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in Adolescents: Pathophysiology and Intervention Trial.

Interventions: Clonidine hydrochloride capsules (25 µg or 50 µg twice daily for body weight <35 kg or >35 kg, respectively) vs placebo capsules for 9 weeks.

Main Outcomes and Measures Number of steps per day.

Results: At baseline, patients with CFS had a lower number of steps per day (P < .001), digit span backward score (P = .002), and urinary cortisol to creatinine ratio (P = .001), and a higher fatigue score (P < .001), heart rate responsiveness (P = .02), plasma norepinephrine level (P < .001), and serum C-reactive protein concentration (P = .04) compared with healthy controls.

There were no significant differences regarding blood microbiology evaluation. During intervention, the clonidine group had a lower number of steps per day (mean difference, −637 steps; P = .07), lower plasma norepinephrine level (mean difference, −42 pg/mL; P = .01), and lower serum C-reactive protein concentration (mean ratio, 0.69; P = .02) compared with the CFS placebo group.

Conclusions and Relevance: Adolescent CFS is associated with enhanced sympathetic nervous activity, low-grade systemic inflammation, attenuated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis function, cognitive impairment, and large activity reduction, but not with common microorganisms. Low-dose clonidine attenuates sympathetic outflow and systemic inflammation in CFS but has a concomitant negative effect on physical activity; thus, sympathetic and inflammatory enhancement may be compensatory mechanisms. Low-dose clonidine is not clinically useful in CFS.

Source: Dag Sulheim, MD; Even Fagermoen, MD; Anette Winger, RN; Anders Mikal Andersen, BSc; Kristin Godang, BSc; Fredrik Müller, MD, PhD; Peter C. Rowe, MD, PhD; J. Philip Saul, MD; Eva Skovlund, PhD; Merete Glenne Øie, PhD; Vegard Bruun Wyller, MD, PhD. JAMA Pediatr. Published online February 03, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4647



Please Discuss This Article:   Post a Comment 



[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Save on Nutritional Supplement Orders

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth Vitamin D3 Extreme™ by ProHealth
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
FibroSleep™ by ProHealth FibroSleep™ by ProHealth
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Rejuvenating the Brain - How PQQ Helps Power Up Mental Processing Rejuvenating the Brain - How PQQ Helps Power Up Mental Processing
Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes? Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes?
Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits Why Berries Offer a Rainbow of Health Benefits
The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS Diagnosis
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE  |  PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing