Activate Now
 
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Sweep Away Senile Cells

PAIN'S SECRET MESSAGE: Why Prince Didn't Need to Die

7 Natural Ways to Prevent Diabetes

8 Hacks to Slash Medication Costs

New Study Shows Optimized Curcumin Stops Inflammation

Relief from Common Digestive Distress

What Foods Can Help Fight the Risk of Chronic Inflammation?

SURVEY: Should Opioids Be Restricted for Chronic Illness?

Block The Vascular Origins Of Cognitive Decline

Curcumin: Your Secret Weapon to Speed Muscle Recovery After Intense Exercise

 
Print Page
Email Article

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in Hippocampus of Fibromyalgia Patients

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • July 17, 2013


Editor's comment: N-acetylaspartate (NAA), the acetylated form of the amino acid aspartate, is the second most abundant metabolite in the human central nervous system, following only the amino acid glutamate.  NAA emits the strongest signal in magnetic resonance spectrograms of the brain.  NAA levels are known to be altered in a large number of central nervous system disorders and are almost always reduced in neurological disorders involving neuronal loss or dysfunction. 

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in the hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia: A meta-analysis.

By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa

Abstract:

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a stress-associated syndrome with chronic, widespread pain. Patients with FM also present disturbances of cognition and memory.

As the hippocampus is vulnerable to stress exposure and involved in cognition, memory and pain perception, we hypothesize that the abnormal function of the hippocampus is implicated in the pathophysiology of FM.

N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a metabolite that can be measured using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), is recognized as a marker of neuronal structure and function. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 1H MRS studies investigating NAA levels in patients with FM.  A comprehensive literature search through MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science yielded nine studies; among these nine, four studies met our criteria for inclusion.

A random effect model with 51 patients with FM and 38 controls revealed a significant NAA reduction in the hippocampus. The current meta-analysis suggested a neuronal abnormality in the hippocampus in patients with FM.

Source: Psychiatry Research, July 5, 2013. By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa. Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Medical Treatment Corporation, Ebara Hospital, Ota, Tokyo 145-0065, Japan; Department of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Bunkyou, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® FibroSleep™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
20 Helpful Tips for Cleaning and Organizing When You're Chronically Ill

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants. Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants.
Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes? Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes?
Olea25 Olive Hydroxytyrosol Hits Astonishing 68,000+ ORAC Antioxidant Value Olea25 Olive Hydroxytyrosol Hits Astonishing 68,000+ ORAC Antioxidant Value
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Guarding Against the Dangers of Vitamin D Deficiency Guarding Against the Dangers of Vitamin D Deficiency

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler

· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE AND SAVE 15% NOW*
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map