ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

The role of microbiota and intestinal permeability in the pathophysiology of autoimmune and neuroimm...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Acupressure reduced fatigue in breast cancer survivors

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Print Page
Email Article

Evidence of Brainstem Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia Patients

  [ 8 votes ]   [ 1 Comment ] • September 27, 2013

Alterations in excitatory and inhibitory brainstem interneuronal circuits in fibromyalgia: Evidence of brainstem dysfunction.

By M. Kofler and W. Halder


OBJECTIVE: Patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) perceive stimuli differently and show altered cortical sensory representation maps following peripheral stimulation. Altered sensory gating may play a causal role.

METHODS: Blink reflex, blink reflex excitability recovery, and prepulse inhibition of the blink reflex - representing brainstem excitability - were assessed in 10 female patients with FMS and 26 female healthy controls.


  • Unconditioned blink reflex characteristics (R1 latency and amplitude, R2 and R2c latency and area-under-the-curve) did not differ significantly between patients and controls.

  • Blink reflex excitability recovery was enhanced in patients versus controls at all intervals tested.

  • Prepulses significantly suppressed R2 area and increased R2 latency in patients and controls.

  • However, R2 area suppression was significantly less in patients than in controls (patients: to 80.0±28.9%, controls: to 47.8±21.7%).

  • The general pattern of corresponding changes in R2c was similar.

CONCLUSIONS: Blink reflex is normal, whereas blink reflex excitability recovery is enhanced and blink reflex prepulse inhibition is reduced in patients with FMS, suggesting functional changes at the brainstem level in FMS.

SIGNIFICANCE: Reduced blink reflex prepulse inhibition concurs with altered sensory gating in patients with FMS.

Copyright © 2013 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Source: Clinical Neurophysiology, September 12, 2013. By M. Kofler and W. Halder. Department of Neurology, Hochzirl Hospital, Zirl, Austria.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments Post a Comment

Posted by: IanH
Sep 27, 2013
I studied reflex and other prepulse inhibition under the influence of cannabinoids. This same phenomenon occurs under the influence of many neurological drugs.
It also occurs in some forms of schizophrenia.

It implies to me that the immune system cyokines, probably Il-6 and TNF-alpha as well as chronically elevated IFN-gamma are behind this lack of excitation inhibition maybe via impaired neuron-mitochondrial function.
Reply Reply
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About
Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth
Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map