ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Can Autoimmune Conditions be Reversed? Researchers Make a Surprising Discovery

Scientifically-designed fasting diet lowers risks for major diseases

How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough

Acupuncture boosts effectiveness of standard medical care for chronic pain, depression

Research on Astaxanthin Demonstrates Significant Whole Body Benefits

Humans have three times more brown body fat

Nutrients Boost Stem Cell Function

B12 Proven Essential for Every Cell

Soy isoflavones may benefit breast cancer patients

Dietary prebiotics improve sleep, buffer impacts of stress, says study

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia: Invariant Two-Factor Model Across Low Back Pain Patients and Fibromyalgia Patients

  [ 44 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • February 11, 2004


Clin J Pain. 2004 Mar-Apr;20(2):103-110. Goubert L, Crombez G, Van Damme S, Vlaeyen JW, Bijttebier P, Roelofs J. Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium; dagger Department of Medical, Clinical and Experimental Psychology, Maastricht University, The Netherlands; and double dagger Department of Psychology, University of Leuven, Belgium. SUMMARY: OBJECTIVES (1) To investigate the factor structure of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) in a Dutch-speaking sample of chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients using confirmatory factor analysis, (2) to examine whether the internal structure of the TSK extends to another group of fibromyalgia (FM) patients, and (3) to investigate the stability of the factor structure in both patient groups using multi-sample analysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS TSK-data from 8 studies collected in Dutch and Flemish chronic pain patients were pooled. For 188 CLBP patients and 89 FM patients, complete data were available. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to assess 4 models of kinesiophobia, and to examine which factor model provided the best fit. Furthermore, a multi-sample analysis was performed to investigate the stability of the factor structure in both patient groups. RESULTS For both CLBP and FM patients, the 2-factor model containing the factors "activity avoidance" and "pathologic somatic focus" was superior as compared with the 4-factor model containing the factors "harm," "fear of (re)injury." "importance of exercise," and "avoidance of activity". Moreover, the 2-factor model was found to be invariant across CLBP and FM patients, indicating that this model is robust in both pain samples. DISCUSSION As the 2-factor structure provided the best fit of the data in both patient samples, we recommend to use this version of the TSK and its 2 subscales in both clinical practice and research. Based on the content of the items, the subscales were labeled "Harm" and "Fear-avoidance." PMID: 14770050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Optimized Curcumin Longvida®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia Thyroid Health and Fibromyalgia
Help for Soreness and Swelling: What Do Silkworms Have to Do With It? Help for Soreness and Swelling: What Do Silkworms Have to Do With It?
Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient
Rejuvenating the Brain - How PQQ Helps Power Up Mental Processing Rejuvenating the Brain - How PQQ Helps Power Up Mental Processing
SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder SAD? Coping with Seasonal Affective Disorder

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map