ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Curcumin: The All In One Solution, Part 2

CoQ10 — A Nutritional Powerhouse for Mitochondrial Health

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin K2?

Vitamin D deficiency + high fat diet = metabolic syndrome

Use Burdock Oil to Promote Healthy Hair Growth

Why You Should Take Your Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

AMA journal associates iron deficiency with hearing loss

Lutein linked to preservation of crystallized intelligence

People with forms of early-onset Parkinson's disease may benefit from boosting niacin in diet, resea...

Zinc eaten at levels found in biofortified crops reduces 'wear and tear' on DNA

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Familial aggregation of depression in fibromyalgia: a community-based test of alternate hypotheses

  [ 107 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • July 28, 2004


Pain. 2004 Jul;110(1-2):449-60. Raphael KG, Janal MN, Nayak S, Schwartz JE, Gallagher RM. Department of Psychiatry, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, BHSB F1512, 183 S. Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.

Numerous studies report that fibromyalgia (FM), a syndrome characterized by widespread pain and generalized tender points, is comorbid with major depressive disorder (MDD). The current study tests two alternate explanations for their comorbidity using a family study methodology. The first is that FM is a depression spectrum disorder. The second is that depression is a consequence of living with FM.

We recruited potential probands by initially screening by telephone for FM and MDD among women in the NY/NJ metropolitan area, randomly selecting telephone numbers from a list of households with women. Eligible women were invited for second stage physical examinations for FM diagnosis and psychiatric interviews for MDD diagnosis. All available adult, first-degree relatives received psychiatric interviews. Relatives of probands were divided into four groups on the basis of the probands' FM and MDD diagnoses (FM+/MDD+ [Formula: see text] FM+/MDD- [Formula: see text] FM-/MDD+ [Formula: see text] and FM-/MDD- [Formula: see text] ).

Results indicated that rates of MDD in the relatives of probands with FM but without personal histories of MDD were virtually identical to rates of MDD in relatives of probands with MDD themselves. This outcome is consistent with the hypothesis that FM is a depression spectrum disorder, in which FM and MDD are characterized by shared, familially mediated risk factors.

The implications of these findings for a stress-vulnerability model of FM are discussed. PMID: 15275798 [PubMed - in process]




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Vitamin D3 Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12
Optimize Your Immune System Naturally: Thymic Protein A Optimize Your Immune System Naturally: Thymic Protein A
Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial
More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History
Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map