ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

On-and-off fasting helps fight obesity, study finds

Can Pomegranates Slow Aging?

Calorie restriction promotes longevity through effects on mitochondrial network

Discover Why Ashwagandha Can Be Used for Stress and Anxiety

Lower magnesium levels linked with increased mortality risk during up to 40 years of follow-up

A spoonful of oil: Fats and oils help to unlock full nutritional benefits of veggies, study suggests

Higher resveratrol dose linked to lower glucose levels in type 2 diabetics

How Can You Benefit From Vitamin B12?

Drug can dramatically reduce weight of people with obesity

What Is Bitter Orange?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: Calcium and Vitamin D Intake and Risk of Incident Premenstrual Syndrome

  [ 68 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • June 14, 2005


Arch Intern Med. 2005;165:1246-1252. Elizabeth R. Bertone-Johnson, ScD; Susan E. Hankinson, ScD; Adrianne Bendich, PhD; Susan R. Johnson, MD; Walter C. Willett, MD, DrPH; JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPH Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the most common disorders of premenopausal women. Studies suggest that blood calcium and vitamin D levels are lower in women with PMS and that calcium supplementation may reduce symptom severity, but it is unknown whether these nutrients may prevent the initial development of PMS. Methods: We conducted a case-control study nested within the prospective Nurses’ Health Study II cohort. Participants were a subset of women aged 27 to 44 years and free from PMS at baseline in 1991, including 1057 women who developed PMS over 10 years of follow-up and 1968 women reporting no diagnosis of PMS and no or minimal menstrual symptoms. Intake of calcium and vitamin D was measured in 1991, 1995, and 1999 by a food frequency questionnaire. Results: After adjustment for age, parity, smoking status, and other risk factors, women in the highest quintile of total vitamin D intake (median, 706 IU/d) had a relative risk of 0.59 (95% confidence interval, 0.40-0.86) compared with those in the lowest quintile (median, 112 IU/d) (P = .01 for trend). The intake of calcium from food sources was also inversely related to PMS; compared with women with a low intake (median, 529 mg/d), participants with the highest intake (median, 1283 mg/d) had a relative risk of 0.70 (95% confidence interval, 0.50-0.97) (P = .02 for trend). The intake of skim or low-fat milk was also associated with a lower risk (P<.001). Conclusions: A high intake of calcium and vitamin D may reduce the risk of PMS. Large-scale clinical trials addressing this issue are warranted. Given that calcium and vitamin D may also reduce the risk of osteoporosis and some cancers, clinicians may consider recommending these nutrients even for younger women. Author Affiliations: Department of Public Health, University of Massachusetts, Amherst (Dr Bertone-Johnson); Channing Laboratory (Drs Hankinson, Willett, and Manson) and Division of Preventive Medicine (Dr Manson), Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass; Departments of Epidemiology (Drs Hankinson, Willett, and Manson) and Nutrition (Dr Willett), Harvard School of Public Health, Boston; GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare, Parsippany, NJ (Dr Bendich); and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Iowa, Iowa City (Dr Johnson).




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Energy NADH™ 12.5mg


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Live Without Anxiety or Stress Live Without Anxiety or Stress
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery
Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health
Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map