ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Conquer Your Email Inbox, Increase Productivity and Reduce Stress

The Significance of Selenium

Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: NAD(P)H fluorescence transients after synaptic activity in brain slices: predominant role of mitochondrial function

  [ 62 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • March 16, 2006

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2006 Mar 15; [Epub ahead of print] Brennan AM, Connor JA, Shuttleworth CW. 1Department of Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA. Excitatory stimulation in hippocampal slices results in biphasic NAD(P)H fluorescence transients. Previous studies using differing stimulus protocols agreed that the oxidation phase is a consequence of mitochondrial metabolism, but the reduction phase has been attributed to (1) mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) generation or (2) astrocytic glycolysis triggered by glutamate uptake. In an attempt to reconcile these two views, the present study examined NAD(P)H signals evoked by a wide range of stimulus durations (40 ms to 20 secs). A combination of ionotropic glutamate receptor (iGluR) antagonists (6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV)) virtually abolished responses to brief stimuli (40 to 200 ms, 50 Hz), but a significant fraction of the signal elicited by extended stimulation (20 secs, 32 Hz) was resistant to CNQX/APV. Glycolysis was inhibited by removal of glucose and addition of 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) (10 mmol/L) or iodoacetic acid (IAA, 1 mmol/L). Pyruvate was provided as an alternative substrate for oxidative phosphorylation and the A1 receptor antagonist 1,3-Dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine (DPCPX) included to prevent decreases in synaptic efficacy. If sufficient pyruvate was supplied, responses to brief and extended stimuli were unaffected by glycolytic inhibition and not significantly reduced by an inhibitor of glucose uptake (3-O-methyl glucose, 3 mmol/L). When timed to arrive at the peak of overshoots generated by extended synaptic stimulation, brief pyruvate applications (10 mmol/L, 2 mins) had little effect on evoked NAD(P)H increases. Flavoprotein autofluorescence transients after extended stimuli matched (with inverted sign) NAD(P)H responses. Responses to extended stimuli were not reduced by a nonselective inhibitor of glutamate uptake DL-Threo-beta-benzyloxyaspartic acid (TBOA). These results suggest that NAD(P)H transients report mitochondrial dynamics, rather than recruitment of glycolytic metabolism, over a wide range of stimulus intensities. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism advance online publication, 15 March 2006; doi:10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600292. PMID: 16538234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

"It's Not Easy Being Green" - But It Is Healthy
Breaking Through the Mental Fog Breaking Through the Mental Fog
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map