ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

16 Tips from 16 Years Sick

Fibromyalgia Fare Fit for All Seasons

New Study Shows Artificial Sweeteners Lead to Diabetes

Essential Oils — An Effective and Healthy Option to Treat Headaches

Higher vitamin D levels associated with less severe disease in NAFLD patients

Krill Oil: Make This Omega-3 Supplement Part of Your Health Regimen

How zinc helps fight esophageal cancer

Everything You Need to Know About Black Cohosh

Low vitamin D levels predict ED in diabetics

Let Sweet Basil Oil Boost Your Health Today

 
Print Page
Email Article

Cognitions Related to Chronic Pain: Revision and Extension of the Cognitive Evaluation Questionnaire

  [ 172 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By E Helmes and A Goburdhun • www.ProHealth.com • January 24, 2007


Journal: Clinical Journal of Pain. 23(1):53-61, January 2007.

Authors: Helmes, Edward; Goburdhun, Anjali.

Objectives: The assessment of cognitive reactions to chronic pain is less well developed than other areas of pain assessment. The aim of the first study was to revise the Cognitive Evaluation Questionnaire of Philips whereas the second study examined its properties and validity in a new sample of people with chronic pain.

Methods: The revised scale underwent item analysis in 87 undergraduates, all of whom had pain of at least 1-month duration during the previous year, and was correlated with Skevington's Beliefs about Pain Control Questionnaire and 3 ratings of pain severity over time.

In a second study, 96 participants with chronic pain (50 females) completed the Revised Cognitive Evaluation Questionnaire, the Survey of Pain Attitudes-Brief, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, and sections of the Sickness Impact Profile. Hierarchical regression examined the construct validity of the revised scales in relation to psychosocial functioning and depression.

Results: Results showed acceptable internal consistency in both samples, and significant correlations with pain severity and the beliefs scales in Study 1. In Study 2, all but 2 scales showed correlations with the measure of beliefs about pain. The hierarchical multiple regression results showed that only Disability belief predicted psychosocial functioning, whereas Control from the beliefs measure and the new revised Causal Rumination and Concern with Effects of Pain scales predicted the CES-D depression scores.

Discussion: The revised cognitive scales in themselves were significant predictors in Study 2, and their contribution was more effective for depression than for psychosocial functioning. The results showed promise for the revised scale and are discussed in relation to previous research, with recommendations for future research into the cognitive reactions of individuals with chronic pain.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You
Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH
Break Free From Fibromyalgia Break Free From Fibromyalgia
Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems! Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems!
The Guaifenesin Story: A centuries-old bark extract used for clearing the airways – now key to a popular FM symptom-reversal protocol The Guaifenesin Story: A centuries-old bark extract used for clearing the airways – now key to a popular FM symptom-reversal protocol

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map