ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

15 Health Benefits of Chia Seeds, According to Science

Tangerine Oil: A Citrusy Essential Oil With Well-Rounded Uses

Magnesium Deficiency Raises Your Risk of Many Chronic Ailments

Resveratrol supplementation improves arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetics

CoQ10's Potential Capabilities for Your Health

How Can Melatonin Benefit You?

Testosterone replacement therapy associated with improved urinary, sexual function

Cloves: Boost Your Immune System the Sweet and Spicy Way

8 Chia Seed Recipes

The Many Potential Health Benefits of Curcumin

 
Print Page
Email Article

Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) Scores are not Affected by Chronic Pain or Depression in Patients with Fibromyalgia

  [ 266 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By GL Iverson, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • April 27, 2007


Journal: The Clinical Neuropsychologist. 2007 May;21(3):532-46.

[Note: the TOMM test is designed to provide a reliable, low-cost first step in efforts to assess whether an individual is falsifying symptoms of memory impairment. But might results be skewed by FM patients' depression or pain? .]

Authors and affiliations: Iverson GL, Page JL, Koehler BE, Shojania K, Badii M. University of British Columbia & Riverview Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

PMID: 17455036

Neuropsychologists routinely give effort tests, such as the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM). When a person fails one of these tests, the clinician must try to determine whether the poor performance was due to suboptimal effort or to chronic pain, depression, or other problems.

Participants were 54 community-dwelling patients who met American College of Rheumatology criteria for Fibromyalgia (FM). In addition to the TOMM, they completed the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, Multidimensional Pain Inventory-Version 1, Oswestry Disability Index-2.0, British Columbia Cognitive Complaints Inventory, and the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.

The majority endorsed at least mild levels of depressive symptoms (72%), and 22% endorsed "severe" levels of depression. The average scores on the TOMM were 48.8 (SD = 1.9, range = 40-50) for Trial 1, 49.8 (SD = 0.5, range = 48-50) for Trial 2, and 49.6 (SD = 0.9, range = 45-50) for Retention.

Despite relatively high levels of self-reported depression, chronic pain, and disability, not a single patient failed the TOMM. In this study, the TOMM was not affected by chronic pain, depression, or both.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire
Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes? Are You Obtaining the Proper Enzymes?
Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound
Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial Mitochondria-Booster NIAGEN® Shows Promise in First Human Clinical Trial
Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map