ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Vitamin D supplements, sleep could help manage pain

Bacopa: The Herb That May Increase Your Brain Power

Lilac Oil: More Than Just for Fragrance

Eat More Yogurt and Avoid Osteoporosis

Safflower: An Economically Important Herb That Can Benefit Humans and Animals Alike

What Is Bilberry Good For?

Coffee, herbal tea may help prevent liver fibrosis

Crafty Uses for Carrot Seed Oil

Higher omega 3 levels linked to improved brain blood flow

Curcumin, resveratrol, ursolic acid show promise against prostate cancer

 
Print Page
Email Article

Nitric oxide synthase partial uncoupling as a key switching mechanism for the NO/ONOO- cycle

  [ 308 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Martin L Pall • www.ProHealth.com • May 3, 2007


Journal: Medical Hypotheses. 2007 Apr 18; [E-publication ahead of print]

Author and affiliation: Pall ML. School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA.

PMID: 17448611

Short-term stressors, capable of increasing nitric oxide levels, act to initiate cases of illnesses including Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivity, Fibromyalgia and posttraumatic stress disorder. These stressors, acting primarily through the nitric oxide product, peroxynitrite, are thought to initiate a complex vicious cycle mechanism, known as the NO/ONOO- cycle that is responsible for chronic illness.

The complexity of the NO/ONOO- cycle raises the question as to whether the mechanism that switches on this cycle is this complex cycle itself or whether a simpler mechanism is the primary switch.

It is proposed here that the switch involves a combination of two variable switches, the increase of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and the partial uncoupling of the NOS activity, with uncoupling caused by a tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiency.

NOS uncoupling causes the NOS enzymes to produce superoxide, the other precursor of peroxynitrite, in place of nitric oxide.

Thus partial uncoupling will cause NOS proteins to act like peroxynitrite synthases, leading, in turn to increased NF-kappaB activity. Peroxynitrite is known to oxidize BH4, and consequently partial uncoupling may initiate a vicious cycle, propagating the partial uncoupling over time. The combination of high NOS activity and BH4 depletion will lead to a potential vicious cycle that may be expected to switch on the larger NO/ONOO- cycle, thus producing the symptoms and signs of chronic illness.

The role of peroxynitrite in the NO/ONOO- cycle also implies that such uncoupling is part of the chronic phase cycle mechanism such that agents that lower uncoupling will be useful in treatment.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Ultra ATP+, Double Strength FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

Herbal Inflammation Management for Whole Body Health Herbal Inflammation Management for Whole Body Health
Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love Aches and Pains? A Simple Solution You'll Love
Green Coffee Extract: Unique Obesity Intervention Green Coffee Extract: Unique Obesity Intervention
Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew Vitamin E: Super Antioxidant We Only Thought We Knew
How to Jump-start and Sustain Energy Production in CFS How to Jump-start and Sustain Energy Production in CFS

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map