ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Vitamin D supplements, sleep could help manage pain

Bacopa: The Herb That May Increase Your Brain Power

Lilac Oil: More Than Just for Fragrance

Eat More Yogurt and Avoid Osteoporosis

Safflower: An Economically Important Herb That Can Benefit Humans and Animals Alike

What Is Bilberry Good For?

Coffee, herbal tea may help prevent liver fibrosis

Crafty Uses for Carrot Seed Oil

Higher omega 3 levels linked to improved brain blood flow

Curcumin, resveratrol, ursolic acid show promise against prostate cancer

 
Print Page
Email Article

Psychomotor speed: Possibly a new marker for overtraining syndrome

  [ 143 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By E Nederhof, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • May 31, 2007


[Note: psychomotor speed is the speed of body motor movements independent of conscious control.]

Journal: Sports Medicine. 2006;36(10):817-28.

Authors and affiliation: Nederhof E, Lemmink KA, Visscher C, Meeusen R, Mulder T. Center for Human Movement Sciences, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. [E-mail: e.nederhof@rug.nl ]

PMID: 17004845

Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is a major threat for performance and health in athletes. Overtraining syndrome is caused by high levels of (sport-specific) stress in combination with too little regeneration, which causes performance decrements, fatigue and possibly other symptoms.

Although there is general consensus about the causes and consequences, many different terminologies have been used interchangeably. The consequences of overreaching and overtraining are divided into three categories:

1. Functional overreaching (FO);
2. Non-functional overreaching (NFO); and
3. Overtraining syndrome (OTS).

In functional overreaching, performance decrements and fatigue are reversed within a pre-planned recovery period. Functional overreaching has no negative consequences for the athlete in the long term; it might even have positive consequences.

When performance does not improve and feelings of fatigue do not disappear after the recovery period, overreaching has not been functional and is thus called non-functional overreaching.

Overtraining syndrome only applies to the most severe cases.

Non-functional overreaching and overtraining syndrome could be prevented using early markers, which should be objective, not manipulable, applicable in training practice, not too demanding, affordable and should be based on a sound theoretical framework.

No such markers exist up to today. It is proposed that psychomotor speed might be such a marker.

Overtraining syndrome shows similarities with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and with major depression. Through two meta-analyses, it is shown that psychomotor slowness is consistently present in both syndromes.

This leads to the hypothesis that psychomotor speed is also reduced in athletes with overtraining syndrome. Parallels between commonly used models for non-functional overreaching and overtraining syndrome and a threshold theory support the idea that psychomotor speed is impaired in athletes with non-functional overreaching or over-training syndrome and could also be used as an early marker to prevent non-functional overreaching and/or over-training syndrome.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health Vitamin K-2 – A Key Player in Cardiovascular and Bone Health
Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle Sleep Like a Baby in Nature's Cradle
Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief? Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief?
Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue Magnesium + Malic Acid: One-Two Punch for Pain & Fatigue
How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map