Journal: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2007 Jun 13; [E-pub ahead of print]
Authors and affiliation: Wallace DJ, Gotto J. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California.
Objective: To present a hypothesis accounting for the differential response of bipolar patients diagnosed with Fibromyalgia (FM) to standard therapies, taking into account the markedly statistically significant increase of its prevalence in the syndrome.
Methods: All articles relating to the heading bipolar illness AND fibromyalgia as well as bipolar illness AND pain were searched using PubMed and Medline since 1966. The prevalence of bipolar illness in our last 100 FM consultations was reviewed.
Results: Ten percent of our 100 most recent FM consultations included patients with an established diagnosis of bipolar illness. They had little if no response to traditional FM interventions and appeared to have vague and uncertain tender point examinations. Conclusions: Bipolar illness may be associated with a form of chronic musculoskeletal pain complaints that is not FM. Studies into the role that neurotransmitters play in bipolar patients with complaints of musculoskeletal discomfort deserve further exploration.