ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Fighting Heartburn and Gerd Naturally – And Safely!

Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More

Vital Molecule Increases Cellular Energy and Improves Cognitive Function

Top Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies — Are You at Risk?

Trimming the spare tire: Canola oil may cut belly fat

How Pomegranate May Protect Against Cancer

Omega Fix for Obesity: How the Right Fats Fight Fat

The Onion: Cancer Fighter and Food Preserver

Probiotics improve cognition in Alzheimer's patients

Curcumin Reverses the Cellular Damage of Chronic Stress

 
Print Page
Email Article

Abstract: A slow release formulation of insulin as a treatment for osteoarthritis

  [ 101 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By L. Cai, F. W. Okumu, J. L. Cleland, M. Beresini, D. Hogue, Z. Lin, E. H. Filvaroff • www.ProHealth.com • September 3, 2002


Objective: To examine the potential of insulin, in a sustained delivery system, as a treatment for arthritis.

Design: The effect of insulin on matrix synthesis, matrix breakdown, and nitric oxide production in primary cartilage explants was examined. The activity of insulin on diseased cartilage from Dunkin Hartley guinea pigs, diabetic mice, and osteoarthritic patients was measured. The specificity of insulin stimulation was compared to that of IGF-I using osteoblasts and fibroblasts. Finally, the stability of insulin in a biologically relevant system was tested, and a slow-release formulation of insulin was developed and characterized.

Results: In articular cartilage explants, insulin stimulated proteoglycan (PG) synthesis, inhibited PG release and nitric oxide production, and overcame the detrimental effects of interleukin 1 (IL-1). The mechanism whereby insulin decreased matrix breakdown was through inhibition of aggrecanase activity. Insulin was active on cartilage at concentrations at which insulin does not cross-react with insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) receptors nor stimulate proliferation of other cells types. The response of cartilage to insulin did not diminish with age or disease. Insulin stimulated matrix synthesis in osteoarthritic cartilage and local treatment with insulin overcame endogenous suppression of matrix synthesis in diabetic cartilage. Poly-lactic-coglycolic acid (PLGA) was found to be an effective carrier for delivery of insulin, and PLGA-Insulin was active on articular cartilage in vitro and in vivo.

Conclusions: As the incidence of arthritis increases with the aging population, an effective therapy to induce repair of cartilage is needed. Based on its biological activities, insulin appears to be an attractive protein therapeutic candidate. Maximum insulin effectiveness may require a sustained delivery system.

Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 10(9): 692-706







Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil FibroSleep™ Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Breaking Through the Mental Fog Breaking Through the Mental Fog
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
How to Jump-start and Sustain Energy Production in CFS How to Jump-start and Sustain Energy Production in CFS

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map