ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

The role of microbiota and intestinal permeability in the pathophysiology of autoimmune and neuroimm...

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Acupressure reduced fatigue in breast cancer survivors

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

What’s Fenugreek Good For?

Print Page
Email Article

Cerebral blood flow patterns underlying the differential impairment in category vs letter fluency in Alzheimer's disease.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Keilp JG, Gorlyn M, Alexander GE, Stern Y, Prohovn • • October 1, 1999

Verbal fluency tasks are used to assess language functioning in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and performance typically declines as the disease progresses. However, several studies have shown that Category Fluency performance (produce words from a category) declines faster than Letter Fluency performance (produce words beginning with a certain letter), which is not the case for other dementias. The purpose of this study was to determine if each of these two types of fluency tasks was associated with different patterns of cerebral blood flow abnormality in AD.

A resting, Xenon-inhalation regional cerebral blood flow measurement (133Xe rCBF) and neuropsychological evaluation was administered to 25 patients with probable AD and 24 healthy elderly controls. Stepwise regression using rCBF measures as predictor variables was used to predict Category and Letter Fluency performance, in both a combined group of patients and controls, and in the patient group alone. Correlations were also computed between rCBF variables and the difference between normatively corrected scores on each task for each subject, which characterized the extent of the discrepancy between them.

In full sample regressions, both Category and Letter Fluency were predicted by education and the decline in left inferior parietal flow, a focal AD-related deficit. Additional variance in Category fluency, however, was predicted by global mean flow, while additional variance in Letter Fluency was predicted by frontal flow. Within the patient sample, in turn, the primary predictor of Category Fluency was mean flow; the primary predictor of Letter Fluency was left-sided frontal flow. Analysis of the fluency difference score revealed that relatively greater impairment of Category Fluency was associated with more typical, AD-related deficits in posterior temporal and parietal perfusion. When the two were equivalently impaired, typical AD-related deficits were accompanied by marked deficits in frontal perfusion.

These findings are consistent with the underlying neuropsychology of these tasks, and suggest that Category Fluency's stronger association to the most typical CBF deficits of AD account for its greater sensitivity to this disease. Letter Fluency deficits, on the other hand, carry significant information about the degree to which perfusion deficits have spread to frontal cortex.

Source: Neuropsychologia 1999 Oct;37(11):1251-61
PMID: 10530725, UI: 99458308

(Department of Brain Imaging, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, USA.

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

The Remarkable Benefits of Reishi Medicinal Mushrooms The Remarkable Benefits of Reishi Medicinal Mushrooms
Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth
Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt
A Hard-Working Molecule that May Help Ease Pain & Brighten Mood A Hard-Working Molecule that May Help Ease Pain & Brighten Mood
Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map