ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

All About Ginkgo Biloba: Benefits of This Timeless Herbal Supplement

Yarrow Oil: Here's Why It Deserves a Place in Your First-Aid Kit

Vitamin D supplement use associated with lower risk of breast cancer

Carnitine deficiency suggested as contributor to autism

Lutein — An Important Nutrient for Eye and Brain Health

White Camphor Oil: The Purest Camphor Oil

Taurine: Facts About This Crucial Amino Acid

Lutein, found in leafy greens, may counter cognitive aging

Vitamin D3 Versus D2

 
Print Page
Email Article

Sex-related differences in pain – Source: Maturitas, Jul 11, 2009

  [ 29 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Brian E Cairns, Parisa Gazerani • www.ProHealth.com • July 15, 2009


This article provides an overview of sex-related differences in musculoskeletal pain and the role sex hormones and response to analgesic drugs may play in these differences.

Some common pain conditions that include temporomandibular disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia syndrome and tension-type and migraine headaches, show fairly marked sex-related differences in their occurrence.

However, with the exception of rheumatoid arthritis, these pain conditions are also characterized by a lack of understanding of their basic underlying pathophysiology.

The association of pain symptoms of these musculoskeletal pain conditions with the reproductive cycle of women is strongly suggestive of a role of the estrogens and/or progesterones, the main female sex hormones, in sex-related differences in pain.

Nevertheless, an alternative suggestion that testosterone, the major male sex hormone, protects men from these chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions, has also been made.

Indeed, emerging evidence suggests that both male and female sex hormones may contribute to the marked sex-related differences in the occurrence of certain musculoskeletal pain conditions.

Men and women also appear to differ in response to pain treatment with certain analgesic drugs.

The mechanistic basis for these sex-related differences is not entirely understood but sex hormones are thought to be one of the influencing factors.

An improved understanding of mechanisms which underlie sex-related differences in musculoskeletal pain and response to analgesic drugs should permit improved pain management strategies for male and female musculoskeletal pain patients in the clinical setting.

Source: Maturitas, Jul 11, 2009. PMID: 19595525, by Cairns BE, Gazerani P. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Energy NADH™ 12.5mg


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance Front Line Defense Against Colds & Flu - Support for Healthy Immune System Balance
Herbal Inflammation Management for Whole Body Health Herbal Inflammation Management for Whole Body Health
The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health The Revolutionary 'Good Fat' That Promotes Heart, Brain, Bone and Joint Health
Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic
D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map