Activate Now
 
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Patient Insights into the Design of Technology to Support a Strengths-Based Approach to Health Care.

SURVEY: Weight Management & Chronic Illness

Japanese green tea consumers have reduced risk of dementia

Do Nothing, Accomplish Everything! The Connection Between Breathing and Healing

Meet the ProHealth Editors

Best Herbs to Help With Insomnia

Choline: Why You Should Eat Your Egg Yolks and Take Krill

Calcium, vitamin D supplementation associated improved stroke recovery

Acupressure reduced fatigue in breast cancer survivors

Don't Skimp on Your Skin — Try Rosehip Oil Now

 
Print Page
Email Article

Decreased brain protein levels of cytochrome oxidase subunits in Alzheimer's disease and in hereditary spinocerebellar ataxia disorders: a nonspecific change?

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Kish SJ, Mastrogiacomo F, Guttman M, Furukawa Y, T • www.ProHealth.com • February 1, 1999


Controversy exists as to the clinical importance, cause, and disease specificity of the cytochrome oxidase (CO) activity reduction observed in some patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although it is assumed that the enzyme is present in normal amount in AD, no direct measurements of specific CO protein subunits have been conducted. We measured protein levels of CO subunits encoded by mitochondrial (COX I, COX II) and nuclear (COX IV, COX VIc) DNA in autopsied brain of patients with AD whom we previously reported had decreased cerebral cortical CO activity.

To assess disease specificity, groups of patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type I and Friedreich's ataxia were also included. As compared with the controls, mean protein concentrations of all four CO subunits were significantly decreased (-19 to -47%) in temporal and parietal cortices in the AD group but were not significantly reduced (-12 to -17%) in occipital cortex. The magnitude of the reduction in protein levels of the CO subunits encoded by mitochondrial DNA (-42 to -47%) generally exceeded that encoded by nuclear DNA (-19 to -43%). In the spinocerebellar ataxia disorders, COX I and COX II levels were significantly decreased in cerebellar cortex (-22 to -32%) but were normal or close to normal in cerebral cortex, an area relatively unaffected by neurodegeneration.

We conclude that protein levels of mitochondrial- and nuclear-encoded CO subunits are moderately reduced in degenerating but not in relatively spared brain areas in AD and that the decrease is not specific to this disorder. The simplest explanation for our findings is that CO is decreased in human brain disorders as a secondary event in brain areas having reduced neuronal activity or neuronal/synaptic elements consequent to the primary neurodegenerative process.

Source: J Neurochem 1999 Feb;72(2):700-7
PMID: 9930743, UI: 99127933

(Human Neurochemical Pathology Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth
Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root
Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH
Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE AND SAVE 15% NOW*
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map