ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Conquer Your Email Inbox, Increase Productivity and Reduce Stress

The Significance of Selenium

Print Page
Email Article

[Risk of Lyme disease development after a tick bite] [Article in Serbian] – Source: Vojnosanit Pregl, May 2010

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Jovan Mladenovic, et al. • • May 30, 2010

Background/Aim: Despite numerous research of Lyme disease (LD), there are still many concerns about environmental of infectious agent of LD, as well as its prophylaxis, diagnosis and treatment. The aim of this work was to determine the risk of LD in relation to the way of removing ticks and duration of tick attachment.

Methods: In the period from 2000 to 2007 a prospective study was conducted including persons with tick bite referred to the Institute of Epidemiology, Military Medical Academy, and followed for the occurrence of early Lyme disease up to six months after a tick bite.

Epidemiological questionnaire was used to collect relevant information about:

• The place and time of tick bites,

• The way of a removing tick,

• Duration of tick attachment,

• Remnants of a tick left in the skin (parts of the mouth device)

• And the signs of clinical manifestations of LD.

Duration of tick attachment was determined on the basis of size of engorged tick and epidemiological data. Removed ticks were determined by the key of Pomerancev. Professional removing of attached tick was considered to be removing of tick with mechanical means by healthcare personnel. Fisher's exact test, Chi squares test and calculation of the relative risk (RR) were used for data analysis.

Results: Of 3,126 patients with tick bite, clinical manifestations of LD were demonstrated in 19 (0.61%).

• In the group of subjects (n = 829) in which a tick was not removed professionally there were 17 (2.05%) cases with LD,

• While in the group of respondents (n = 2,297) in who a tick was removed professionally there were 2 (0.09%) cases with LD after tick bite (RR, 23.55; p < 0.0001).

• The disease was most frequent in the group of respondents with incompletely and unprofessionally removed ticks (2.46%).

• In the groups of patients with unprofessionally but completely removed ticks LD occurred in 0.89%, while in the group of subjects with a tick removed by an expert, but incompletely in 0.78% cases.

• The disease occurred rarely in the group with a tick removed completely and professionally (0.05%).

• There was no case of LD in the group of patients with a tick removed within 24 hours.

• The longer time of exposure after 24 hours, the higher absolute risk of disease was reported.

Conclusion: In prevention of Lyme disease it is important to urgent remove a tick, to use a correct procedure of removing and to remove the whole tick without any remnants.

Source: Vojnosanit Pregl, May 2010;67(5):369-74. PMID: 20499729, by Mladenovi? J, Cekanac R, Stajkovi? N, Krsti? M. Vojnomedicinska akademija, Institut za epidemiologiju, Sektor za preventivnu medicinu, Beograd, Serbia. [Email:]

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt
Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief? Itching to Find Dry Skin Relief?
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
How Glutathione Can Save Your Life How Glutathione Can Save Your Life
Priming Your Immune System for Cold & Flu Season Priming Your Immune System for Cold & Flu Season

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map