ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

16 Tips from 16 Years Sick

Fibromyalgia Fare Fit for All Seasons

New Study Shows Artificial Sweeteners Lead to Diabetes

Essential Oils — An Effective and Healthy Option to Treat Headaches

Antioxidant treatment could halt neurodegeneration in early Parkinson's

Higher vitamin D levels associated with less severe disease in NAFLD patients

Krill Oil: Make This Omega-3 Supplement Part of Your Health Regimen

How zinc helps fight esophageal cancer

Everything You Need to Know About Black Cohosh

Low vitamin D levels predict ED in diabetics

 
Print Page
Email Article

Bihemispheric brain stimulation facilitates motor recovery in chronic stroke patients – Source: Neurology, Dec 14, 2010

  [ 28 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By R Lindenberg, MD, G Schlaug, MD, PhD, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • January 6, 2011


[Note: Transcranial direct current brain stimulation (tDCS) involves constant low electromagnetic current delivered to a part of the brain via two small electrodes/pads, one placed on the head near the ‘region of interest’ and the other in another location to complete a circuit. It modulates the ‘excitability’ of neurons in target areas of the brain – either up (anodal tDCS) or down (cathodal tDCS). In this "bihemispheric" tDCS study, neurons in the damaged half of the brain were upregulated while those in the undamaged half were downregulated.]

Objective: Motor recovery after stroke depends on the integrity of ipsilesional motor circuits and interactions between the ipsilesional and contralesional hemispheres [the half of the brain tha stroke damage and the half away from the damage]. In this sham-controlled randomized trial, we investigated whether noninvasive modulation of regional excitability of bilateral motor cortices in combination with physical and occupational therapy improves motor outcome after stroke.

Methods: Twenty chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned to receive 5 consecutive sessions of either:

1. Bihemispheric transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) (anodal tDCS to upregulate excitability of ipsilesional motor cortex and cathodal tDCS to downregulate excitability of contralesional motor cortex) with simultaneous physical/occupational therapy or

2. Sham [fake] stimulation with simultaneous physical/occupational therapy.

Changes in motor impairment (Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer) and motor activity (Wolf Motor Function Test) assessments were outcome measures while functional imaging parameters were used to identify neural correlates of motor improvement.

Results: The improvement of motor function was significantly greater in the real stimulation group (20.7% in Fugl-Meyer and 19.1% in Wolf Motor Function Test scores) when compared to the sham group (3.2% in Fugl-Meyer and 6.0% in Wolf Motor Function Test scores).

The effects outlasted the stimulation by at least 1 week. In the real-stimulation group, stronger activation of intact ipsilesional motor regions during paced movements of the affected limb were found postintervention whereas no significant activation changes were seen in the control group.

Conclusions:

The combination of bihemispheric tDCS and peripheral sensorimotor activities improved motor functions in chronic stroke patients that outlasted the intervention period.

This novel approach may potentiate cerebral adaptive processes that facilitate motor recovery after stroke.

Classification of evidence:

This study provides Class I evidence that for adult patients with ischemic stroke [caused by blockage] treated at least 5 months after their first and only stroke, bihemispheric tDCS and simultaneous physical/occupational therapy given over 5 consecutive sessions significantly improves motor function as measured by the Upper Extremity Fugl-Meyer assessment (raw change treated 6.1 ± 3.4, sham 1.2 ± 1.0).

Source: Neurology, Dec 14, 2010;75(24)pp 2176-84. Lindenberg R, Renga V, Zhu LL, Nair d, Schlaug G. Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [Email: gschlaug@bidmc.harvard.edu]





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Optimized Curcumin Longvida®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants. Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants.
When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear When a Negative is Positive - Goodnighties Recovery Sleepwear
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Prepare Yourself for Cold & Flu Season Prepare Yourself for Cold & Flu Season
Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map