ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Discover Why Ashwagandha Can Be Used for Stress and Anxiety

How Can You Benefit From Vitamin B12?

Calorie restriction promotes longevity through effects on mitochondrial network

Lower magnesium levels linked with increased mortality risk during up to 40 years of follow-up

Higher resveratrol dose linked to lower glucose levels in type 2 diabetics

What Is Bitter Orange?

Black Tea Is Great for Your Gut

Drug can dramatically reduce weight of people with obesity

Tryptophan's Possible Effects for Your Health

New Finding: Broccoli Helps Heal Leaky Gut

 
Print Page
Email Article

Differential effects of transforming growth factor-beta(s) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor on gene expression of presenilin-1 in human post-mitotic neurons and astrocytes.

  [ 5 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Ren RF, Lah JJ, Diehlmann A, Kim ES, Hawver DB, Le • www.ProHealth.com • November 16, 1999


Mutations in the presenilin-1 gene are linked to the majority of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease cases. We have previously shown that the expression of transforming growth factor-beta is altered in Alzheimer's patients, compared to controls.

Here we examine presenilin- expression in human post-mitotic neurons (hNT cells), normal human astrocytes, and human brain tumor cell lines following treatment with three isoforms of transforming growth factor-beta, or glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. As the NT2/D1 teratocarcinoma cell line is treated with retinoic acid to induce differentiation to hNT cells, presenilin-1 messenger RNA expression is dramatically increased.

Furthermore, there is a 2-3-fold increase in presenilin-1 messenger RNA expression following treatment of hNT cells with growth factors and similar results are found by Western blotting and with immunohistochemical staining for presenilin-1 protein.

However, treatment of normal human astrocytes with cytokines results in minimal changes in presenilin-1 messenger RNA and protein. Interestingly, the expression of presenilin-1 in human U87 MG astrocytoma and human SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells is only increased when cells are treated with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor or transforming growth factor-beta3.

These findings suggest that endogenous presenilin-1 gene expression in human neurons can be induced by growth factors present in normal and diseased brain tissue. Cytokines may play a major role in regulating expression of presenilin-1 which may affect its biological actions in physiological and pathological conditions.

Source: Neuroscience 1999;93(3):1041-9
PMID: 10473269, UI: 99400248

(Laboratory of Cell Regulation and Carcinogenesis, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery Energy Breakthrough - One Fibromyalgia Patient’s Fortuitous Discovery
Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall Restoring Gut Health: How to Create a Firewall Against Toxins Entering the Gut Wall
Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt Cocoa's Polyphenol Riches - All the Health Benefits without the Sugar, Calories or Guilt

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map