ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Basic Aromatherapy to Help Balance and Calm

Tea drinkers have lower glaucoma risk

Soy, cruciferous vegetables could help lower breast cancer treatment side effects

The Long-Term Benefits of Drinking Oolong Tea

Why You Should Try This Sweet-Smelling and Health-Boosting Essential Oil

Wonderful White Tea: A Drink Fit for an Emperor

Chamomile Tea: Why This Ancient Therapeutic Drink Still Stands Out Today

Arnica: This Powerful Herb Promotes Various Kinds of Healing

Get ‘Hooked’ on Cat’s Claw: The Many Benefits of This Amazonian Herb

Acid Reflux May Respond Better to Foods Than Prescribed Pills

 
Print Page
Email Article

The Drosophila beta-amyloid precursor protein homolog promotes synapse differentiation at the neuromuscular junction.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Torroja L, Packard M, Gorczyca M, White K, Budnik • www.ProHealth.com • September 15, 1999


Although abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) has been implicated in the pathogenic cascade leading to Alzheimer's disease, the normal function of this protein is poorly understood. To gain insight into APP function, we used a molecular-genetic approach to manipulate the structure and levels of the Drosophila APP homolog APPL.

Wild-type and mutant forms of APPL were expressed in motoneurons to determine the effect of APPL at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). We show that APPL was transported to motor axons and that its overexpression caused a dramatic increase in synaptic bouton number and changes in synapse structure. In an Appl null mutant, a decrease in the number of boutons was found. Examination of NMJs in larvae overexpressing APPL revealed that the extra boutons had normal synaptic components and thus were likely to form functional synaptic contacts. Deletion analysis demonstrated that APPL sequences responsible for synaptic alteration reside in the cytoplasmic domain, at the internalization sequence GYENPTY and a putative G(o)-protein binding site.

To determine the likely mechanisms underlying APPL-dependent synapse formation, hyperexcitable mutants, which also alter synaptic growth at the NMJ, were examined. These mutants with elevated neuronal activity changed the distribution of APPL at synapses and partially suppressed APPL-dependent synapse formation.

We propose a model by which APPL, in conjunction with activity-dependent mechanisms, regulates synaptic structure and number.

Source: J Neurosci 1999 Sep 15;19(18):7793-803
PMID: 10479682, UI: 99410762

(Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders
The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It The Genetic Mutation That May Compromise Your Health - And What to Do About It
Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound
The Crucial Role CoQ10 Plays in Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS The Crucial Role CoQ10 Plays in Fibromyalgia and ME/CFS

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2018 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map