ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Vitamin D supplements, sleep could help manage pain

Bacopa: The Herb That May Increase Your Brain Power

Eat More Yogurt and Avoid Osteoporosis

Lilac Oil: More Than Just for Fragrance

What Is Bilberry Good For?

Coffee, herbal tea may help prevent liver fibrosis

Crafty Uses for Carrot Seed Oil

Higher omega 3 levels linked to improved brain blood flow

Curcumin, resveratrol, ursolic acid show promise against prostate cancer

Olive oil compound could help protect against brain cancer

 
Print Page
Email Article

The Drosophila beta-amyloid precursor protein homolog promotes synapse differentiation at the neuromuscular junction.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Torroja L, Packard M, Gorczyca M, White K, Budnik • www.ProHealth.com • September 15, 1999


Although abnormal processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) has been implicated in the pathogenic cascade leading to Alzheimer's disease, the normal function of this protein is poorly understood. To gain insight into APP function, we used a molecular-genetic approach to manipulate the structure and levels of the Drosophila APP homolog APPL.

Wild-type and mutant forms of APPL were expressed in motoneurons to determine the effect of APPL at the neuromuscular junction (NMJ). We show that APPL was transported to motor axons and that its overexpression caused a dramatic increase in synaptic bouton number and changes in synapse structure. In an Appl null mutant, a decrease in the number of boutons was found. Examination of NMJs in larvae overexpressing APPL revealed that the extra boutons had normal synaptic components and thus were likely to form functional synaptic contacts. Deletion analysis demonstrated that APPL sequences responsible for synaptic alteration reside in the cytoplasmic domain, at the internalization sequence GYENPTY and a putative G(o)-protein binding site.

To determine the likely mechanisms underlying APPL-dependent synapse formation, hyperexcitable mutants, which also alter synaptic growth at the NMJ, were examined. These mutants with elevated neuronal activity changed the distribution of APPL at synapses and partially suppressed APPL-dependent synapse formation.

We propose a model by which APPL, in conjunction with activity-dependent mechanisms, regulates synaptic structure and number.

Source: J Neurosci 1999 Sep 15;19(18):7793-803
PMID: 10479682, UI: 99410762

(Department of Biology, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts 02454, USA)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
FibroSleep™ Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Herbal Rescue for High Blood Sugar Herbal Rescue for High Blood Sugar
Ubiquinol - A More Advanced Form of the Energy Producing Nutrient CoQ-10 Ubiquinol - A More Advanced Form of the Energy Producing Nutrient CoQ-10
Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia Relief for Dry, Itchy Skin Caused by Fibromyalgia
Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH Running on Empty? Fuel Up with NADH
Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket Carry a Massage Therapist in Your Pocket

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map