ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Is a Good Night's Sleep at the Top of Your Wishlist?

Ashwagandha Helps Hormones - Aids Arthritis

Why You Should Be Eating More Porcini Mushrooms

A Breathalyzer for Disease?

How Bacopa Can Help Improve Your Cognitive Function

Magnesium Reduces Diabetes and Helps Keep You Young

Lavender Aromatherapy Can Ease Pre-Op Anxiety

Give Your Health a Much-Needed Boost With Geranium

The Role of Resveratrol in Achieving Optimal Health

Could Coconut Oil Help Reduce Antibiotics?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Validity and reliability of the clock drawing test as a screening tool for cognitive impairment in patients with fibromyalgia – Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry, May 13, 2011

  [ 1 vote ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By SS Can, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • May 18, 2011


Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the clock drawing test (CDT) in comparison with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) as a screening tool for cognitive impairment in patients with fibromyalgia (FM).

Methods: Fifty female patients with FM and 51 healthy female controls were enrolled in the study. Cognitive functioning of the subjects was evaluated by the CDT and the MMSE. Each CDT was scored according to 3 different clock scoring methods (Shulman, Sunderland, and Watson). Two experienced clinicians scored the CDTs to evaluate the interrater reliability. Validity, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive accuracy of each clock scoring method were analyzed.

Results: The Shulman score had the highest correlation with the MMSE score (r =0.65, P < .01). The Shulman and Sunderland methods had significantly the largest areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.82 and 0.81, respectively; P = .000). They also had the highest sensitivity (68.8% and 65.5%, respectively) and specificity (84.2%, and 84.1%, respectively).

The interrater correlation coefficients were high for all 3 clock scoring methods.

Conclusion: The clock drawing test has been proven to be a valid and reliable tool for screening cognitive impairment in FM patients. The Shulman or Sunderland scoring methods are more appropriate than the Watson scoring method. Further studies are needed for using the clock drawing test to detect cognitive impairment in patients with FM.

Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry, May 13, 2011. PMID:21571264, by Can SS, Gencay-Can A, Gunendi Z. Department of Psychiatry, Kahramanmaras State Hospital, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil FibroSleep™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

Prepare Yourself for Cold & Flu Season Prepare Yourself for Cold & Flu Season
The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function
Breaking Through the Mental Fog Breaking Through the Mental Fog
Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants. Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants.
D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About D-ficient? Health Risks You Need to Know About

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map