ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

SURVEY: Cognitive Impairment II

Natural Bladder Control, Go Less and Live More

Vital Molecule Increases Cellular Energy and Improves Cognitive Function

Top Vitamin and Mineral Deficiencies — Are You at Risk?

How Pomegranate May Protect Against Cancer

Omega Fix for Obesity: How the Right Fats Fight Fat

Trimming the spare tire: Canola oil may cut belly fat

The Onion: Cancer Fighter and Food Preserver

Fighting Heartburn and Gerd Naturally – And Safely!

Probiotics improve cognition in Alzheimer's patients

 
Print Page
Email Article

Validity and reliability of the clock drawing test as a screening tool for cognitive impairment in patients with fibromyalgia – Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry, May 13, 2011

  [ 1 vote ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By SS Can, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • May 18, 2011


Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the clock drawing test (CDT) in comparison with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) as a screening tool for cognitive impairment in patients with fibromyalgia (FM).

Methods: Fifty female patients with FM and 51 healthy female controls were enrolled in the study. Cognitive functioning of the subjects was evaluated by the CDT and the MMSE. Each CDT was scored according to 3 different clock scoring methods (Shulman, Sunderland, and Watson). Two experienced clinicians scored the CDTs to evaluate the interrater reliability. Validity, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive accuracy of each clock scoring method were analyzed.

Results: The Shulman score had the highest correlation with the MMSE score (r =0.65, P < .01). The Shulman and Sunderland methods had significantly the largest areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.82 and 0.81, respectively; P = .000). They also had the highest sensitivity (68.8% and 65.5%, respectively) and specificity (84.2%, and 84.1%, respectively).

The interrater correlation coefficients were high for all 3 clock scoring methods.

Conclusion: The clock drawing test has been proven to be a valid and reliable tool for screening cognitive impairment in FM patients. The Shulman or Sunderland scoring methods are more appropriate than the Watson scoring method. Further studies are needed for using the clock drawing test to detect cognitive impairment in patients with FM.

Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry, May 13, 2011. PMID:21571264, by Can SS, Gencay-Can A, Gunendi Z. Department of Psychiatry, Kahramanmaras State Hospital, Kahramanmaras, Turkey.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%

Natural Remedies

Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite
Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints Undenatured Type II Collagen - Chicken Soup for Your Joints
A Hard-Working Molecule that May Help Ease Pain & Brighten Mood A Hard-Working Molecule that May Help Ease Pain & Brighten Mood
Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea Health Benefits Are Brewing in Green Tea
Milk Thistle: Trusted Support for Health & Healing in a Toxic World Milk Thistle: Trusted Support for Health & Healing in a Toxic World

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map