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Our previous study assessed the prevalence of fibromyalgia (FM) syndrome in migraine and tension-type headache. We aimed to update our previous results, considering a larger cohort of primary headache patients who came for the first time at our tertiary headache ambulatory.
A consecutive sample of 1,123 patients was screened.
Frequency of FM in the main groups and types of primary headaches; discriminating factor for FM comorbidity derived from headache frequency and duration, age, anxiety, depression, headache disability, allodynia, pericranial tenderness, fatigue, quality of life and sleep, and probability of FM membership in groups; and types of primary headaches were assessed. [The pericranium is the musculature on the back of the skull.]
• FM was present in 174 among a total of 889 included patients.
• It prevailed in the tension-type headache main group (35%, p < 0.0001) and chronic tension-type headache subtype (44.3%, p < 0.0001).
• Headache frequency, anxiety, pericranial tenderness, poor sleep quality, and physical disability were the best discriminating variables for FM comorbidity, with 81.2% sensitivity.
Patients presenting with chronic migraine and chronic tension-type headache had a higher probability of sharing the FM profile (Bonferroni test, p < 0.01).
A phenotypic profile where headache frequency concurs with anxiety, sleep disturbance, and pericranial tenderness should be individuated to detect the development of diffuse pain in headache patients. [A phenotype is a description of observable characteristics, while a genotype is the genetic makeup.]
Source: Journal of Headache Pain, Aug 17, 2011. PMID: 21847547, by de Tommaso M, Federici A, Serpino C, Vecchio E, Franco G, Sardaro M, Delussi M, Livrea P. Neurophysiopathology of Pain Unit, Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences Department, Medical Faculty, Policlinico General Hospital, Aldo Moro University, Bari, Italy [Email: firstname.lastname@example.org]