ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?

Artificial sweeteners linked to risk of weight gain, heart disease and other health issues

All About Ginkgo Biloba: Benefits of This Timeless Herbal Supplement

Yarrow Oil: Here's Why It Deserves a Place in Your First-Aid Kit

Vitamin D supplement use associated with lower risk of breast cancer

Carnitine deficiency suggested as contributor to autism

Hop Oil: A Safe Sleep Aide

Lutein — An Important Nutrient for Eye and Brain Health

White Camphor Oil: The Purest Camphor Oil

Taurine: Facts About This Crucial Amino Acid

 
Print Page
Email Article

Gulf War Illness culprit list hones in on pyrostigmine bromide & pesticides, which differed by deployment area

  [ 10 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • September 29, 2011


Article:
Complex Factors in the Etiology of Gulf War Illness: Wartime Exposures and Risk Factors in Veteran Subgroups
– Source: Environmental Health Perspectives, Sep 19, 2011

By Lea Steele, et al.

[Note: to read a PDF of the full text report click HERE and select “download: PDF”]

Background:
At least one fourth of U.S. veterans who served in the 1990-1991 Gulf War are affected by the chronic symptomatic illness known as Gulf War illness (GWI). Clear determination of the causes of GWI has been hindered by many factors, including limitations in how epidemiologic studies have assessed the impact of the complex deployment environment on veterans’ health.

Objective: To address GWI etiologic questions by evaluating the association of symptomatic illness with characteristics of veterans’ deployment.

Methods. Veteran-reported wartime experiences were compared in a population-based sample of 304 Gulf War veterans: 144 cases who met pre-established criteria for GWI and 160 controls.

Analyses considered veteran subgroups and confounding among deployment variables.

Results:

Deployment experiences and the prevalence of GWI differed significantly by veterans’ location in theater.

Among personnel who were in Iraq or Kuwait, where all battles took place:

• GWI was most strongly associated with using pyridostigmine bromide* pills (OR=3.5, CI=1.7-7.4) [Note: an odds ratio of 1.0 would indicate no increased odds of GWI vs controls. An OR of 3.5 would indicate 250% increased odds of subsequent GWI, on average, among those using pyridostigmine bromide pills.]

• And being within one mile of an exploding SCUD missile (OR=3.1, CI=1.5-6.1).

For veterans who remained in support areas:

• GWI was significantly associated only with personal pesticide use,

• With increased prevalence (OR=12.7, CI=2.6-61.5) in the relatively small subgroup who wore pesticide-treated uniforms, nearly all of whom also used skin pesticides. [The OR of 12.7 indicates 1,170% greater odds of subsequent GWI in this subgroup vs. controls.]

Combat service was not significantly associated with GWI.

Conclusions:

Findings support a role for a limited number of wartime exposures in the etiology of GWI, which differed in importance with the deployment milieu in which veterans served.

[* Ed Note: Pyridostigmine bromide is a drug that was used in hopes of preventing death from possible exposure to the ‘nerve gas’ Soman. It was a drug that had been tested only in animals for that purpose but received FDA approval as an investigational agent only for use by military personnel in combat. As a drug, it is used as a muscle stimulant for those with the autoimmune neuromuscular disorder myasthenia gravis. It is believed to ‘Facilitate myoneural junction impulse transmission by inhibiting acetylcholine destruction by cholinesterase.’ According to this article, of the 64 pesticides used during the Gulf War, 15 have been designated 'pesticides of concern' including permethrin, used on uniforms; DEET; and lindane powder, also applied to uniforms. Notably, for example, applications of permethrin where used averaged 30 per month vs. the recommended 1 every six weeks.]

Source: Environmental Health Perspectives, Sep 19, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1003399, by Steele L, Sastre A, Gerkovich MM, Cook MR. Institute of Biomedical Studies, Baylor University, Waco, Texas; Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, Missouri; Department of Biomedical and Health Informatics, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. [Email: Lea_Steele@baylor.edu]





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™ Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Complete and Natural Menopause Relief Complete and Natural Menopause Relief
Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain? Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?
How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough How One Tiny Molecule Turned into One Huge Health Breakthrough
Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You Coping When Colds or Flu Catch Up with You
Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map