ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Conquer Your Email Inbox, Increase Productivity and Reduce Stress

Print Page
Email Article

Evidence for homeostatic adjustments of rat somatosensory cortical neurons to changes in extracellular acetylcholine concentrations produced by iontophoretic administration of acetylcholine and by systemic diisopropylfluorophosphate treatment.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Testylier G, Maalouf M, Butt AE, Miasnikov AA, Dyk • • November 16, 1999

We describe the responses of single units in the awake (24 cells) or urethane-anesthetized (37 cells) rat somatosensory cortex during repeated iontophoretic pulses (1.0 s, 85 nA) of acetylcholine, both before and after systemic treatment with the irreversible acetylcholinesterase inhibitor diisopropylfluorophosphate (i.p., 0.3-0.5 LD50).

The time-course of the response to acetylcholine pulses differed among cortical neurons but was characteristic for a given cell. Different time-courses included monophasic excitatory or inhibitory responses, biphasic (excitatory-inhibitory, inhibitory-excitatory, excitatory-excitatory, and inhibitory-inhibitory), and triphasic (excitatory-excitatory-inhibitory, inhibitory-inhibitory-excitatory, and inhibitory-excitatory-inhibitory) responses.

Although the sign and time-course of the individual responses remained consistent, their magnitude fluctuated across time; most cells exhibited either an initial increase or decrease in response magnitude followed by oscillations in magnitude that diminished with time, gradually approaching the original size.

The time-course of the characteristic response to an acetylcholine pulse appeared to determine direction and rate of change in response magnitude with successive pulses of acetylcholine. Diisopropylfluorophosphate treatment, given 1 h after beginning repeated acetylcholine pulses, often resulted in a gradual increase in spontaneous activity to a slightly higher but stable level. Superimposed on this change in background activity, the oscillations in the response amplitude reappeared and then subsided in a pattern similar to the decay seen prior to diisopropylfluorophosphate treatment.

Our results suggest that dynamic, homeostatic mechanisms control neuronal excitability by adjusting the balance between excitatory and inhibitory influences within the cortical circuitry and that these mechanisms are engaged by prolonged increases in extracellular acetylcholine levels caused by repeated pulses of acetylcholine and by acetylcholinesterase inhibition.

However, this ability of neurons in the cortical neuronal network to rapidly adjust to changes in extracellular levels of acetylcholine questions the potential efficacy of therapeutic treatments designed to increase ambient levels of acetylcholine as a treatment for Alzheimer's disease or to enhance mechanisms of learning and memory.

Source: Neuroscience 1999;91(3):843-70
PMID: 10391467, UI: 99318351

(Unite de biophysique, Centre de recherches du service de Sante des Armees, Grenoble, France)

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire
Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health Pioneer Scientists Uncover a Revolutionary Neuroprotective Supplement for Nerve Health
Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants. Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants.
Breaking Through the Mental Fog Breaking Through the Mental Fog
The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function The Fast-Acting Solution for Healthy Digestive Function

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map