ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

B Vitamins May Protect Against Damaging Effects of Air Pollution, and Improve Cognition and Psychiat...

Relief for IBS, Colitis, Crohn’s And More

Can Magnesium Relieve Your Tinnitus?

Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) - are you running a marathon each night?

Resveratrol Proven to Slow Brain Aging

Magnesium Protects Against Stroke, Heart Disease and Diabetes

Fruits and vegetables' latest superpower? Lowering blood pressure

Neroli Oil: The Pleasantly Fragrant Citrus Oil

Prenatal vitamin D could help prevent autism in children

Restoring NAD+ could reduce DNA damage accumulation

 
Print Page
Email Article

Immunophenotyping in post-giardiasis functional gastrointestinal disease and chronic fatigue syndrome – Source: BMC Infectious Diseases, Oct 14 2012

  [ 2 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Kurt Hanevik, et al. • www.ProHealth.com • November 5, 2012


[Note: The full text PDF of this article is available at no charge HERE. Giardia is an intestinal protozoan found in natural waterways that sometimes contaminates public water supplies, as it did in the major Bergen outbreak of 2004. The ability to follow the health status of a group of people with well-documented history of giardia infection has highlighted the possibility of post-infective GI disease and CFS & allows analysis of associated factors.]

Background: A Giardia outbreak was associated with development of post-infectious functional gastrointestinal disorders (PI-FGID) and chronic fatigue syndrome (PI-CFS). Markers of immune dysfunction have given conflicting results in CFS and FGID patient populations. The aim of this study was to evaluate a wide selection of markers of immune dysfunction in these two co-occurring post-infectious syndromes.

Methods: 48 patients, reporting chronic fatigue in a questionnaire study, were clinically evaluated five years after the outbreak and grouped according to Fukuda criteria for CFS (n=19) and idiopathic chronic fatigue (n=5) and Rome II criteria for FGIDs (n=54). 22 Giardia exposed non-fatigued individuals and 10 healthy unexposed individuals were recruited as controls. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry.

Results: In peripheral blood we found significantly higher CD8 T-cell levels in PI-FGID, and significantly lower NK-cell levels in PI-CFS patients. Severity of abdominal and fatigue symptoms correlated negatively with NK-cell levels. A tendency towards lower T-cell CD26 expression in FGID was seen.

Conclusion: Patients with PI-CFS and/or PI-FGID 5 years after Giardia lamblia infection showed alterations in NK-cell and CD8-cell populations suggesting a possible immunological abnormality in these conditions. We found no significant changes in other markers examined in this well-defined group of PI-CFS and PI-FGID elicited by a gastrointestinal infection. Controlling for co-morbid conditions is important in evaluation of CFS-biomarkers.

Source: BMC Infectious Diseases, Oct 14 2012;12(1):258. PMID:23061432 Hanevik K, Kristoffersen EK, Sørnes S, Mørch K, Næss H, Rivenes AC, Bødtker JE, Hausken T, Langeland N. University of Bergen; Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg FibroSleep™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid

Natural Remedies

Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire Natural Relief for Soreness, Pain and Swelling - Putting Out the Fire
Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic Nutrients to Combat the Modern Stress Epidemic
Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin
Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics Stop Bacteria With Nature's Antibiotics
Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map