ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Ultrasound Therapy for Fibromyalgia and Lyme Disease

Curcumin: The All In One Solution, Part 2

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin K2?

Vitamin D deficiency + high fat diet = metabolic syndrome

Why You Should Take Your Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

Use Burdock Oil to Promote Healthy Hair Growth

AMA journal associates iron deficiency with hearing loss

Meet Your Weight Loss Goals

People with forms of early-onset Parkinson's disease may benefit from boosting niacin in diet, resea...

Lutein linked to preservation of crystallized intelligence

 
Print Page
Email Article

Intracellular and cell-surface distribution of amyloid precursor protein in cortical astrocytes.

  [ 5 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Young MJ, Lee RK, Jhaveri S, Wurtman RJ • www.ProHealth.com • September 1, 1999


Amyloid peptides that aggregate to form plaques in Alzheimer's disease are derived from secretory processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Transport of APP to the cell surface may be prerequisite for non-amyloidogenic APP processing and the secretion of soluble APP (APPs), while missorting or reinternalization of APP to intracellular compartments can promote amyloid formation.

In cultured astrocytes, APP mRNA and holoprotein are increased by elevations in cAMP levels, and 8-Bromo-cAMP promotes process formation on these cells. We now report that treatment of cultured astrocytes with 8-Bromo-cAMP increased intracellular and cell surface APP in the soma and perinuclear region as detected by immunolabeling with monoclonal antibody 22C11 and polyclonal antibody Kunitz-type protease inhibitor (KPI) (against the N-terminus and KPI domain of APP, respectively) and led to intense but discontinuous labelling of APP on the surface of astrocytic processes.

Northern and Western blot analyses confirmed that 8-Bromo-cAMP treatment of cultured astrocytes also increased APP mRNA and KPI-containing APP holoprotein, implying that the intense APP immunolabeling observed in 8-Bromo-cAMP treated astrocytes was not derived from truncated forms of APP (e.g., APPs), but reflected high levels of APP holoprotein containing intact amyloid peptides. Discontinuous cell surface staining in process-bearing astrocytes may be caused by miscompartmentalization of APP related to rearrangement of the cytoskeleton.

In as much as intracellular APP is not accessible for non-amyloidogenic processing, we suggest that the increased immunoreactivity of intracellular APP in process-bearing astrocytes may predispose the cells to increased amyloid production.

Source: Brain Res Bull 1999 Sep 1;50(1):27-32
PMID: 10507468, UI: 99435302

(Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA. mikey@vision.eri.harvard.edu)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils

Natural Remedies

Live Without Anxiety or Stress Live Without Anxiety or Stress
Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems! Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems!
Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being
Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits Sunshine Vitamin Has D-lightful Health Benefits
Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants. Looking for Energy? Turn to Plants.

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map