ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Is a Good Night's Sleep at the Top of Your Wishlist?

Ashwagandha Helps Hormones - Aids Arthritis

Why You Should Be Eating More Porcini Mushrooms

A Breathalyzer for Disease?

How Bacopa Can Help Improve Your Cognitive Function

Magnesium Reduces Diabetes and Helps Keep You Young

Lavender Aromatherapy Can Ease Pre-Op Anxiety

Give Your Health a Much-Needed Boost With Geranium

The Role of Resveratrol in Achieving Optimal Health

Could Coconut Oil Help Reduce Antibiotics?

 
Print Page
Email Article

Intracellular and cell-surface distribution of amyloid precursor protein in cortical astrocytes.

  [ 5 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Young MJ, Lee RK, Jhaveri S, Wurtman RJ • www.ProHealth.com • September 1, 1999


Amyloid peptides that aggregate to form plaques in Alzheimer's disease are derived from secretory processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). Transport of APP to the cell surface may be prerequisite for non-amyloidogenic APP processing and the secretion of soluble APP (APPs), while missorting or reinternalization of APP to intracellular compartments can promote amyloid formation.

In cultured astrocytes, APP mRNA and holoprotein are increased by elevations in cAMP levels, and 8-Bromo-cAMP promotes process formation on these cells. We now report that treatment of cultured astrocytes with 8-Bromo-cAMP increased intracellular and cell surface APP in the soma and perinuclear region as detected by immunolabeling with monoclonal antibody 22C11 and polyclonal antibody Kunitz-type protease inhibitor (KPI) (against the N-terminus and KPI domain of APP, respectively) and led to intense but discontinuous labelling of APP on the surface of astrocytic processes.

Northern and Western blot analyses confirmed that 8-Bromo-cAMP treatment of cultured astrocytes also increased APP mRNA and KPI-containing APP holoprotein, implying that the intense APP immunolabeling observed in 8-Bromo-cAMP treated astrocytes was not derived from truncated forms of APP (e.g., APPs), but reflected high levels of APP holoprotein containing intact amyloid peptides. Discontinuous cell surface staining in process-bearing astrocytes may be caused by miscompartmentalization of APP related to rearrangement of the cytoskeleton.

In as much as intracellular APP is not accessible for non-amyloidogenic processing, we suggest that the increased immunoreactivity of intracellular APP in process-bearing astrocytes may predispose the cells to increased amyloid production.

Source: Brain Res Bull 1999 Sep 1;50(1):27-32
PMID: 10507468, UI: 99435302

(Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA. mikey@vision.eri.harvard.edu)




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Ultra ATP+, Double Strength


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Optimized Curcumin Longvida with Omega-3

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss Research Links Green Tea to Weight Loss
Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More Quercetin: Natural Support for Allergy & Inflammation Relief and More
Clinically Studied Joint Relief Product for FM & ME/CFS Clinically Studied Joint Relief Product for FM & ME/CFS
More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History More Weight Loss than Any Other Discovery in Supplement History
The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map