Activate Now
 
ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

High dose vitamin D3 supplementation lowers inflammatory T cells in multiple sclerosis patients

Chocolate's Potential Health Benefits – and its Effect on Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Patients

Repair Damaged Mitochondria and Reduce Fatigue Up to 45%

Essential Oils - How and Where to Use Them

The Link Between Vitamin C And Optimal Immunity

SURVEY: What Is Your Diagnosis?

Liposomes Deliver Optimal Nutrient Absorption

Why Does Your Nose Run When It's Cold Outside?

What's So Great About Grape Seed?

How Your Mitochondria Influence Your Health

 
Print Page
Email Article

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in Hippocampus of Fibromyalgia Patients

  [ 3 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • July 17, 2013


Editor's comment: N-acetylaspartate (NAA), the acetylated form of the amino acid aspartate, is the second most abundant metabolite in the human central nervous system, following only the amino acid glutamate.  NAA emits the strongest signal in magnetic resonance spectrograms of the brain.  NAA levels are known to be altered in a large number of central nervous system disorders and are almost always reduced in neurological disorders involving neuronal loss or dysfunction. 

Reduced N-acetylaspartate in the hippocampus in patients with fibromyalgia: A meta-analysis.

By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa

Abstract:

Fibromyalgia (FM) is a stress-associated syndrome with chronic, widespread pain. Patients with FM also present disturbances of cognition and memory.

As the hippocampus is vulnerable to stress exposure and involved in cognition, memory and pain perception, we hypothesize that the abnormal function of the hippocampus is implicated in the pathophysiology of FM.

N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a metabolite that can be measured using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS), is recognized as a marker of neuronal structure and function. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of 1H MRS studies investigating NAA levels in patients with FM.  A comprehensive literature search through MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science yielded nine studies; among these nine, four studies met our criteria for inclusion.

A random effect model with 51 patients with FM and 38 controls revealed a significant NAA reduction in the hippocampus. The current meta-analysis suggested a neuronal abnormality in the hippocampus in patients with FM.

Source: Psychiatry Research, July 5, 2013. By Yuta Aoki, Ryota Inokuchi and Hiroshi Suwa. Department of Psychiatry, Tokyo Metropolitan Health and Medical Treatment Corporation, Ebara Hospital, Ota, Tokyo 145-0065, Japan; Department of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Medicine, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Bunkyou, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.





Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS, Fibromyalgia & Lyme Disease treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

How Glutathione Can Save Your Life

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function

Natural Remedies

Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient Astaxanthin - A Little-Known but Power-Packed Nutrient
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging Three-Step Strategy to Reverse Mitochondrial Aging
Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Unlocking the Secrets of Peppermint, Acacia and Fennel Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Unlocking the Secrets of Peppermint, Acacia and Fennel
The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

FIBROMYALGIA
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia Diagnosis
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Causes
Fibromyalgia Treatments
Fibromyalgia Diet
Fibromyalgia Medications
M.E. & CFS
What is M.E./CFS?
M.E./CFS Diagnosis
M.E./CFS Symptoms
M.E./CFS Causes
M.E./CFS Treatments
M.E./CFS Diet
M.E./CFS Medications
LYME DISEASE
What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme Disease Diagnosis
Lyme Disease Symptoms
Lyme Disease Causes
Lyme Disease Treatments
Lyme Disease Diet
Lyme Disease Medications
FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
M.E. & CFS
Lyme Disease
General Health
WHOLESALE
AFFILIATES GUARANTEE
PRIVACY
CONTACT US
LIBRARY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing