ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help

|
|
|
|

Trending News

Missing protein explains link between obesity, diabetes

Fish oil use associated with brain volume preservation

The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12

Genetic basis for distinct type of autism uncovered

Unsuspected aspect of immune regulation revealed: Role of B cells

IBS, Crohn’s Disease, Colitis, and Other Digestive Disorders

Explaining 'Healthy' Obesity

Sinus Congestion and Sinusitis, Healing Naturally

Omega 3 Fatty Acids Lessen Severity of Osteoarthritis in Mice

In the gut, immunity is a two-way street

 
Print Page
Email Article

Role of the Primary Motor Cortex in Fibromyalgia

  [ 6 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
www.ProHealth.com • July 9, 2014


Role of the primary motor cortex in the maintenance and treatment of pain in fibromyalgia.

By L. Castillo Saavedra, M. Mendonca and F. Fregni

Abstract:

Fibromyalgia is a highly prevalent, debilitating disease, characterized by chronic widespread pain.

The mechanisms underlying pain are not completely understood, but it is believed to be associated with important neuroplastic changes in pain-related neural circuits. Although the involvement of the pain matrix in fibromyalgia is well established, another area that has been found to play a role in the maintenance and treatment of chronic pain is the primary motor cortex (M1).

Maladaptive plasticity of M1 is a common finding in patients with chronic pain and many studies in animal models and in human subjects have shown that modulation of the activity of this cortical area induces significant analgesic effects. Furthermore, studies in other chronic pain syndromes have found alterations in baseline characteristics of M1, including an increase in cortical excitability and an abnormally enhanced response to incoming sensory stimuli.

Given these findings, we hypothesize that M1 is a major modulator of pain in fibromyalgia and therefore its baseline activity reflects this strong feedback between M1 and pain-related neural areas. However, the feedback loop between M1 and the pain matrix is not enough to decrease pain in fibromyalgia per se, thus increasing its modulatory effect by engaging this network through different behavioral and modulatory techniques is a potentially beneficial treatment for pain in fibromyalgia.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Source: Medical Hypotheses, June 17, 2014. By L. Castillo Saavedra, M. Mendonca and F. Fregni. Spaulding Neuromodulation Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Nucleo de Neurociencias e Comportamento (NEC), Institute of Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 3Spaulding Neuromodulation Center, Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Nucleo de Neurociencias e Comportamento (NEC), Institute of Psychology, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil.




Discuss This Article Post a Comment 




[ Be the first to comment on this article ]




 
Free Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Newsletters
Subscribe to
Our FREE
Newsletter
Subscribe Now!
Receive up-to-date ME/CFS & Fibromyalgia treatment and research news
 Privacy Guaranteed  |  View Archives

Featured Products

Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil Ultra EPA - Fish Oil
Ultra concentrated source of essential fish oils
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor®
Reduce Fatigue up to 45%
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth Optimized Curcumin Longvida® by ProHealth
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health

Natural Remedies

2 test library cats 2 test library cats
The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol The Most Powerful Natural Antioxidant Discovered to Date - Hydroxytyrosol
Protect Against Sun-Induced Skin Aging From The Inside Out Protect Against Sun-Induced Skin Aging From The Inside Out
Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms? Could a B-12 Deficiency Be Causing Your Symptoms?
The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away The Big Blue Fish that Helps Chase the Blues Away

FIBROMYALGIA RESOURCES
What is Fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia 101
Fibromyalgia Symptoms
Fibromyalgia Treatments
| CFS RESOURCES
What is CFS?
ME/CFS 101
ME/CFS Symptoms
ME/CFS Treatments
| FORUMS
Fibromyalgia
ME/CFS
ADVANCED MEDICAL LABS
WHOLESALE  |  AFFILIATES
GUARANTEE
CONTACT US
PRIVACY
RSS
SITE MAP
ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus
Credit Card Processing