ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

Is Coconut Oil Healthy? (The American Heart Association Doesn’t Think So)

American Heart Association Renders Itself Obsolete With 1960s Dietary Advice on Coconut Oil

Inflammation Disrupts Memory - What Can You Do to Protect Your Brain?

Health Benefits of Artichokes

Putting the Spotlight on Coriander Seed Oil

Migraines? Powdered Ginger May Help

Are Americans Really Getting Too Much Vitamin D? A Critical Look at Recent Media Warnings

Eating more vegetable protein may protect against early menopause

Is Activated Charcoal Beneficial?

German Chamomile Oil: A Versatile Essential Oil You Should Have at Home

 
Print Page
Email Article

Preservation of noradrenergic neurons in the locus ceruleus that coexpress galanin mRNA in Alzheimer's disease.

  [ Not Yet Rated ]   [ Discuss This Article ]
By Miller MA, Kolb PE, Leverenz JB, Peskind ER, Raski • www.ProHealth.com • November 1, 1999


Galanin (GAL) innervation is hypertrophied in the basal forebrain and cortex of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Increased GAL could exacerbate the cognitive and behavioral deficits of AD because GAL acts as an inhibitory modulator of cholinergic and noradren-ergic neurotransmission. The locus ceruleus (LC) may be a source of increased GAL in AD because (a) GAL is coexpressed in a subset of LC neurons, (b) GAL expression is up-regulated with neuronal injury, and (c) the LC undergoes extensive degeneration in AD.

Therefore, we have used in situ hybridization histochemistry to measure GAL gene expression in the LC of AD patients and sex- and age-matched nondemented controls. Despite the extensive loss of norepinephrine neurons with AD, GAL mRNA-expressing neurons in the LC did not differ between groups. This resulted in a significant increase in the percentage of neuromelanin-pigmented cells that coexpressed GAL in AD patients compared with controls.

These findings raise the possibility that the increased incidence of GAL expression among remaining LC neurons contributes to the hyperinnervation of GAL fibers in AD. Furthermore, GAL may be neuroprotective in the LC.

Source: J Neurochem 1999 Nov;73(5):2028-36
PMID: 10537062, UI: 20005454

(Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, USA. )




Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Vitamin D3 Extreme™ FibroSleep™

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products


Article Comments



Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment


 
NAD+ Ignite with Niagen

Featured Products

Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength

Natural Remedies

Physically and Mentally Exhausted? How to Restore Energy at Its Source Physically and Mentally Exhausted? How to Restore Energy at Its Source
The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12 The Brain Boosting and Fatigue Fighting B-12
Safely Burn Away Body Fat Safely Burn Away Body Fat
Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin Joint Aches May Have Met Their Match in Curcumin
Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes Eating Fat is Good... Maybe... Could Be... Sometimes

CONTACT US
ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
SHOP WITH CONFIDENCE
Credit Card Processing
SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTERS
Get the latest news about Fibromyalgia, M.E/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lyme Disease and Natural Wellness

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2017 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map