ProHealth health Vitamin and Natural Supplement Store and Health
Home  |  Log In  |  My Account  |  View Cart  View Your ProHealth Vitamin and Supplement Shopping Cart
800-366-6056  |  Contact Us  |  Help
Facebook Google Plus
Fibromyalgia  Chronic Fatigue Syndrome & M.E.  Lyme Disease  Natural Wellness  Supplement News  Forums  Our Story
Store     Brands   |   A-Z Index   |   Best Sellers   |   New Products   |   Deals & Specials   |   Under $10   |   SmartSavings Club

Trending News

10 Fibro-Friendly Foods with a Bonus: Beautiful Skin

Fight Back! Win the War Being Waged Against Your Immune System

Studies Show that Magnesium L-threonate Improves Brain Plasticity, Leading to Direct and Significant...

Clary Sage Oil May Be Pricey, but Its Benefits Are Priceless

Component of red wine, grapes can help to reduce inflammation, study finds

Poly MVA: A Novel Therapy for Increasing Energy, Repairing DNA, and Promoting Overall Health

Pumpkin Pie Turmeric Breakfast Smoothie - Vegan + Gluten-Free

Vitamin D supplementation extends life in mouse model of Huntington's disease

What’s Fenugreek Good For?

Omega-3 fatty acid stops known trigger of lupus

Print Page
Email Article

Mitochondrial respiratory activity is altered in osteoarthritic human articular chondrocytes.

  [ 17 votes ]   [ Discuss This Article ] • March 17, 2003

Maneiro E, Martin MA, De Andres MC, Lopez-Armada MJ, Fernandez-Sueiro JL, Del Hoyo P, Galdo F, Arenas J, Blanco FJ.

CHU Juan Canalejo, Coruna, Spain.

OBJECTIVE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative rheumatic disease that is associated with extracellular matrix degradation and chondrocyte apoptosis in the articular cartilage. The role of mitochondria in degenerative diseases is widely recognized. We undertook this study to evaluate mitochondrial function in normal and OA chondrocytes and to examine age-related changes in mitochondria.

METHODS: Mitochondrial function was evaluated by analyzing respiratory chain enzyme complexes and citrate synthase (CS) activities as well as changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim). The activities of mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes (complex I: rotenone-sensitive NADH-coenzyme Q(1) reductase; complex II: succinate dehydrogenase; complex III: antimycin-sensitive ubiquinol cytochrome c reductase; and complex IV: cytochrome c oxidase) and CS were measured in human articular chondrocytes isolated from OA and normal cartilage. DeltaPsim was measured by JC-1 using flow cytometry. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Student's t-test as well as several models of multiple linear regression.

RESULTS: OA articular chondrocytes had reduced activities of complexes II and III compared with cells from normal cartilage. However, the mitochondrial mass was increased in OA. Cultures of OA chondrocytes contained a higher proportion of cells with de-energized mitochondria. We found no relationship between mitochondrial function and donor age either in normal or in OA chondrocytes.

CONCLUSION: These findings suggest the involvement of mitochondrial function in the pathophysiology of OA. Cartilage degradation by OA and cartilage aging may be two different processes.

Arthritis Rheum 2003 Mar;48(3):700

Post a Comment

Featured Products From the ProHealth Store
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Mitochondria Ignite™ with NT Factor® Ultra EPA  - Fish Oil

Looking for Vitamins, Herbs and Supplements?
Search the ProHealth Store for Hundreds of Natural Health Products

Article Comments

Be the first to comment on this article!

Post a Comment

Natural Pain Relief Supplements

Featured Products

Vitamin D3 Extreme™ Vitamin D3 Extreme™
50,000 IU Vitamin D3 - Prescription Strength
FibroSleep™ FibroSleep™
The All-in-One Natural Sleep Aid
Energy NADH™ 12.5mg Energy NADH™ 12.5mg
Improve Energy & Cognitive Function
Optimized Curcumin Longvida® Optimized Curcumin Longvida®
Supports Cognition, Memory & Overall Health
Ultra ATP+, Double Strength Ultra ATP+, Double Strength
Get energized with malic acid & magnesium

Natural Remedies

Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being Restore Youthful Cognition and Well-Being
Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root Block food Cravings At Their Molecular Root
Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth Probiotic Mint Promotes Healthy Gums & Teeth, Freshens Breath and Whitens Teeth
Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound Reversing Neurodegeneration with a New Magnesium Compound
Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems! Block Acid Reflux to Prevent Esophageal Problems!

ProHealth, Inc.
555 Maple Ave
Carpinteria, CA 93013
(800) 366-6056  |  Email

· Become a Wholesaler
· Vendor Inquiries
· Affiliate Program
Credit Card Processing
Be the first to know about new products, special discounts and the latest health news. *New subscribers only

CONNECT WITH US ProHealth on Facebook  ProHealth on Twitter  ProHealth on Pinterest  ProHealth on Google Plus

© 2016 ProHealth, Inc. All rights reserved. Pain Tracker App  |  Store  |  Customer Service  |  Guarantee  |  Privacy  |  Contact Us  |  Library  |  RSS  |  Site Map